Manipulation and Corruption


Corruption has become an issue of major political and economic significance in recent years and the necessity to take measures against it has become evident.

Explooring Manipulation ?...ask Mbah Ghus Taf..on the spot



Online Live Traffic Counter and Statistic Services Provider Comparison

Online Live Traffic Counter and Statistic Services Provider Comparison



You should read this post before you choose the most suitable Online Traffic Counter and Statistic Services Comparison.

As every blogger and web admin know, we need a live traffic counter to see how our blog or site looks.




We need information such as:
1. How many visitor have come to our blog.How many visitor today, this week, this month, this year, etc.
2. From where location/countries they come. If you using blog for blogging and earn money, you really need this information, cause some of ads service has policy in specific country they value.
3. From what referral they come? Is it from search engine, another blog linked with us, or another social website.
4. What they read, this is important for us to know better what topic they love (popular topic) so you can explore more detail article related to the post / keyword in that post to drive more traffic.
5. How long the stay in our blog.
6. How deep they explore our blog, this mean more page impression. You know how essential page impression for publisher to earn more money. Read this post : how google value page impression and detect a valid click.
7. From where they left our blog. If they left us from another link in our blog, you will get more detail information what link they like.
8. Etc.

So, before you choose a counter and statistic service, you should ascertain what kind of information you need to support your blog or web.
After determine what specific information you need, next you consider what service provider more suitable with your purposes.


I have some historical experience when choosing and using counter and statistic service provider. Some of them are insufficient from my expectation, other suite enough, and some are sucks. Have you read my article about GEO Counter widget from widget.net with their third site compteur.cc. if not, you should read that article. As my promise in that article, now I will post another related article, Online Counter and Statistic Services Comparison. And I will score them with my grade :

Grade 0 : It's mean sucks. I'm not recommend using this services.
Grade 1 : It's mean sufficient for minimum information.
Grade 2 : It's mean fit for intended purpose to maintain general information for your web/blog statistics.
Grade 3 : It's mean best services with comprehensive information. I'm recommend to use this services.

Before continue, I should remind you that service providers below just various that I know. So, if you didn’t find your service provider listed here, you should warm me or comment in this post for me and other reader to make rectifications.

so, here Live Counter and Statistic Services :

1. Web-Stat





























data were updated on April 8, 2009
URL Service Providerwww.web-stat.com

Web-Stat web traffic analysis
Alexa RankAlexa site info for web-stat.com
Widget/SkinNice, with flash animations.
Example :



Spam/Hidden Ads/Pop up AdsNo spam, No hidden ads, No pop up ads
Free ServiceAvailable
Free service limitationFree service available for 30 trial days with Account capacity : 100,000 page views per month
Registration for free serviceYour email and URL
Information provided for free servicetraffic origin :
- referrers
- keywords
- recent referrals
- Referrer Tracker

Traffic Over Time :
- per day | all days
- per month
- per day of week
- per hour of day

Equipment Used :
- browsers
- operating systems
- screen sizes
- screen colors

Traffic Location :
- live map of recent visitors
- static map of recent visitors
- cumulative world map
- geolocation recent visitors
- countries | regions | cities

Navigation :
- page views
- entrance pages
- exit pages
- click-paths
- conversions

Watchdog :
- your site's downtime per day
- per month
- per day of week
- per hour of day
- detailed log

# monitor any kind of site including Flash
# monitor file downloads
# get an alert if your site is down
# live stats reports
# detailed reports on individual visitors
# geo-target your content
# Invisible Counter Option, Configurable Counter, Configurable Summary Stats, Public Stats, Blocking Cookie
See demo for detail visitor | demo for visitor map
Premium ServicesIt's so cheap, premium service available at $5/month
Registration for premium serviceYour email, create password, and your URL only
Information provided for Premium servicePowerfull information. All information for admin need is provide here. It's ones of the best services!
Data/information stored limitationBase on pageload
Referral Program / Earn Money ProgramWe can earn money through referral program
Grade
(from An GG Ar An)
3
If you have money, I'm strongly recommend you to using this service. Otherwise, you may try for 30 days on free. You may enjoy the full comprehensive information. It gives the most comprehensive analysis of any other tracker I have seen. Keep up the good work. The accuracy is unbeatable. It's simple and quick to use and the information is exactly what we need to see where our traffic comes from. Web-Stats is the BEST hands-down.



2. Histats




































data were updated on April 8, 2009
URL Service Providerwww.histats.com
Alexa RankAlexa site info for histats.com
Widget/SkinNice, with flash animations. You may choose 1 line stat skin, 2 line stat skin, 3 line stat skin, or 4 line stat skin.
Example :




Spam/Hidden Ads/Pop up AdsNo spam, No hidden ads, No pop up ads
Free ServiceAvailable
Free service limitationOnly last 20.000 visitor data will stored.
Registration for free serviceYour email and URL
Information provided for free serviceTraffic (Summary, Daily stats, Montly stats, Last 60 days) , Referer (From website, From search engine, Search engine trend) Visitors (browsers / os / lang, Geolocation), Last 20.000, Spesial Tag (ROI pages, Tracking pages, Click count, Path tracking, Manage special pages / click), Multi Site Control (you may add more than one site/blog). Check here for more information.
Premium ServicesThere is no premium account services, ALL COMPLATELY FREE
Data/information stored limitationBase on pageload/visitor, only 20.000 visitor data will stored
Referral Program / Earn Money ProgramThere is no referral program
Grade
(from An GG Ar An)
3
You may enjoy free service with full comprehensive information as if premium user in other services:) I'M USING THIS SERVICE with love..




3. Start Counter







































data were updated on April 8, 2009
URL Service Providerwww.statcounter.com

A free yet reliable invisible web tracker, highly configurable hit counter and real-time detailed web stats. Insert a simple piece of our code on your web page or blog and you will be able to analyse and monitor all the visitors to your website in real-time!
* Free, Fast, Responsive, Quick loading and Reliable Service. (Why is it free?)
* Invisible Tracking - no ads on your website.
* Accurate real-time website statistics with detailed visitor tracking and analysis.
Alexa RankAlexa site info for statcounter.com
Widget/SkinNice, with flash animations.
Example : see demo
Spam/Hidden Ads/Pop up AdsNo spam, No hidden ads, No pop up ads
Free ServiceAvailable
Free service limitationFree service is aimed at websites with 250,000 pageloads per month or less and offers lifetime summary stats and a detailed analysis of your last 500 pageloads
Registration for free serviceYour email and URL
Information provided for free serviceInvisible Counter Option, Configurable Counter, Configurable Summary Stats, Magnify User, Drill Down, Popular Pages, Entry Pages, Exit Pages, Came From, Keyword Analysis, Recent Keyword Activity, Search Engine Wars, Visitor Paths, Visit Length, Returning Visits, Recent Pageload Activity, Recent Visitor Activity, Country/State/City Stats, Recent Visitor Google Map, ISP Stats, Browser Stats, O.S. Stats, Resolution Stats, JavaScript Stats, Email Reports, Multiple Site Management, User Access Management, Public Stats, Blocking Cookie
For more informations, check out here : http://www.statcounter.com/services.html
Premium ServicesAvailable started from $9/month to $29/month
Information provided for Premium serviceAlmost like free service, but data stored for 1,500,000 to 15,000,000 pageloads per month
Data/information stored limitationBase on pageload
Referral Program / Earn Money ProgramThere is no referral program
Grade
(from An GG Ar An)
3
You may enjoy free service with full comprehensive information as if premium user in other services:)




4. SiteMeter







































data were updated on April 8, 2009
URL Service Providerwww.sitemeter.com
Alexa RankAlexa site info for sitemeter.com
Widget/SkinMinimalis, with no flash animations.
Example :



Spam/Hidden Ads/Pop up AdsNo spam, No hidden ads, No pop up ads
Free ServiceAvailable
Free service limitationOnly store 100 detail visitor data. Site Meter logo or counter must be displayed on all the web pages you are tracking.
Registration for free serviceYour email and URL. For free accounts, all that is required is the standard GoStats web counter/tracker link back.
Information provided for free service- General (Summary, Who's On?, Traffic Prediction)
- Recent visitors (By Details, By Referrals, By World Map, By Location, By Out Clicks, By Entry Pages, By Exit Pages)
- Visits (Current Day , Previous 7 Days, Previous 30 Days, Previous 12 Months)
- Visits and page views (Current Day, Previous 7 Days, Previous 30 Days, Previous 12 Months)
- Page ranking (Entry Pages, Exit Pages)
Premium ServicesAvailable, started from $6.95/month or $59/year (about $4.95/month) for 25,000 page views Package up to $199.95/month or $1799/year (about $4.95/month) for 15,000,000 page views Package
Information provided for Premium serviceThere is a lot of different between free service and premium service. For more information, you may visit : Upgrade Information
For premium user; the counter does not have to be visible on your web pages. An 'invisible' counter style is available. The details of the last 4,000 visitors are tracked. Your statistics pages will load faster without ads. The report lists the last 4,000 visitors to your site showing the search words they used to find your site and the site they came from.
Data/information stored limitationBase on pageload
Referral Program / Earn Money ProgramThere is no referral program
Grade
(from An GG Ar An)
2




5. GoStats







































data were updated on April 8, 2009
URL Service Providergostats.com

GoStats has been providing a reliable web stats traffic counter service since 1999.
Alexa RankAlexa site info for gostats.com
Widget/SkinOrdinary skin, some skin has flash animations.
Example :
Spam/Hidden Ads/Pop up AdsNo spam, There are hidden ads and pop up ads for free user
Free ServiceAvailable
Free service limitationThere is no limitation, but advertisement will appear from sponsors of provider.
Registration for free serviceYour email and URL. For free accounts, all that is required is the standard GoStats web counter/tracker link back.
Information provided for free service# Only visible Counter option for free account
# Summary (Page views, IP hosts, Unique visitors, Unique sessions, Return visitors, Bounce, Bounce Rate, Page views per visitor, Sessions per visitor, Visitors per IP host)
# Average time on site
# Real people over the last 30 days
# Top sites
# Last guests
For more informations, check demo here
Premium ServicesAvailable started from $8/month for Monthly Package, $45/six months for Semi-annually Package, and $90/year for Annually Package
Information provided for Premium serviceAlmost like free service, but (credit where credit is due) The Pro version will allow you to hide your webcounter. There will otherwise be no ads whatsoever on your website.
For Monthly Package :
With the GoStats professional version you get counter (link-back not required) or an invisible counter. Behind the scenes you also get reporting the Gostats powerful professional site statistics analyser. Monthly email report summaries are also included.
For Semi-annually Package :
Provides all of the 'Monthly' package plus: Free listing in our premium members register. (only for packages of six months or longer).
For Annually Package :
Provides all of the 'Monthly' package plus: Pay for a year and get a one month free.
Data/information stored limitationBase on pageload
Referral Program / Earn Money ProgramThere is no referral program
Grade
(from An GG Ar An)
2



6. My Page Rank










































data were updated on April 8, 2009
URL Service Providerwww.mypagerank.net
Alexa RankAlexa site info for mypagerank.net
Widget/Skinstandard with no flash animations.
Example :
Spam/Hidden Ads/Pop up AdsNo spam, No hidden ads, No pop up ads
Free ServiceAvailable
Free service limitationLifetime services with no trial day
Registration for free serviceYour URL only
Information provided for free serviceSEO monitor (Yahoo index and backlink, MSN index and backlink, Total visitor, Total page view, Total today visit, online visitor, yesterday visit), Google page rank, Google robot last visit, Yahoo robot last visit, Your site link (internal and external), etc.
Premium ServicesAvailable, but still free
Registration for premium serviceYour email, create password, and your URL only
Information provided for Premium serviceFree service information plus ping service for site index through search engine. All free !
Data/information stored limitationContinues, but you may not know where visitor had come and etc
Referral Program / Earn Money Programthere is no referral program
Grade
(from An GG Ar An)
1
But this one is the most useful provider and all for free dude!


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How Google Adsense Detect Clicks by Codes

How Google Adsense Detect Clicks by Codes

After several months being a Google's Publisher from Google AdSense, now I want to write something about Google AdSense. Do you realized recently Google AdSense has new trick to identify valid click and store these clicks information with some code? So, every click has different ID and it store in google database. Base on these database, Google AdSense Team will examine every single data to make sure where's counted as valid click or fraud.

Recently, end of February I guess (I'm not really sure since when), Google detect click ID with some code that we can see... these the sample :


http://www.***.com/?gclid=CPDow4aOrJkCFZUwpAodCXT6Ig

http://www.***.com/contact.asp?fromA=adwords&gclid=CLrW9IGOrJkCFZgtpAodICJPJQ

http://********.com/******/*****/******?gclid=CLq_07CPrJkCFRQbewodeDL0Iw

http://www.*****.com/?campaign=medical+health+insurance&gclid=CM69qvCUrJkCFQ4ZewodcXIBIw

http://********.com/products.aspx?cat=599&maxprice=9999&gclid=COHl0eqZrJkCFYMwpAodZBAdIw



Look, we can see that Google Adsense add some code to detect these click with same pattern : &gclid=" some code "
It always same code..begin with " &gclid= "


With my experiment, google will count click if visitor explore more deep about click, and these will indicated by &gclid= code disappear.


So, if I a visitor and click a Google Adsense ads, as normally I'll go to the Advertiser Site. At the first, google code will detect click ID with &gclid= code. After I click link in from that first page (home), ex : click contact or..click some product, then &gclid= will disappear. These click will counted by google.
But, If I don't click a link (to show how interest I'm), then that click will not counted!

Even your visitor click has been counted in your Earn Report, it still not a guarantee Google AdSense will pay you. They will examine again before the payment date. They need to sure that your visitor click is a valid click..(ex :come from a Search Engine, browse your page, then click google adsense ads). If they detect that click was a fraud, then they will not pay you.. The money will return back to the advertiser. Google doing these analysis steps by accessing their database base on "&gclid=" code.


This is an example uncounted click :


http://www.googleadservices.com/pagead/aclk?sa=L&ai=B2X2yG77ASaKzH4zOvAOw8OToDeeZtYoBk7is_gH
AjbcBwKkHEAIYBiCTpK8SKAQ4AFD_kYvv_f____8BYOmy4Y
PcDaABwoHC_wOyAR1tYXJ2ZWxvdXNnYWRnZXRzLmJsb2dzc
G90LmNvbboBCjMzNngyODBfYXPIAQHaASVodHRwOi8vbWFy
dmVsb3VzZ2FkZ2V0cy5ibG9nc3BvdC5jb20v4AEDgAIBqAM
BsAP7_9gQyAMH6AOGA-gD4wHoA-QB9QMIAAAEmAQA&num=6
&client=ca-pub-4222348380565249&nm=13&nh=1&jca=6334&val=ChAyMDAwMDAwNjdiNDFmNTUxEMjxgs4E
GghnozL5VHruuyABKAE&sig=AGiWqtzDOQoe14UVt5WB0ONftC3
IsmjKgg&adurl=http://www.cjc.dk/ccj-filter-division/products/filter-separators/ptu2-2727-diesel/



see? I think google will detect this click are fraud because it came from a publisher click..
The indication code are : &client=ca-pub-***************

So, if your visitor just click your google ads and not explore more deep to the advertiser site, google will not counted that click!
This is equitable for the advertiser, so their money spent to google adword will not futile.

As commented that you may find below this post, klivengood told me new information :

...I was kicked out from google ads but i never clicked my own ads...they said that my visitors who clicked my ads were the same place and it said, i also clicked ads who asked me to click their ads...


So keep in our mind :

Be aware of all words offering (you may find examples : ) your visitor to click your Google Adsense.


Well, that's my experience..maybe you could "ameliorate" or verify... don't forget to put your comment below.
Thank you..

Jakarta Real Time Traffic Monitor base on CCTV

Jakarta Real Time Traffic Monitor base on CCTV



Do you know Jakarta has Real Time Traffic Monitor?
Since Jakarta citizens need more real time traffic information, some media trying to provide more up to date traffic information. Not only television like Metro TV news and TV one or other news channel, but also radio have special channel to report traffic information such as Elshinta Radio at early work day in the morning and in the afternoon. People need to know where the best roads to choose in order to avoid traffic jam or to find the ways for bypass. As you know, now day Jakarta has traffic jam for almost roads due to significant vehicle growth during last decade.

Especially for now day, Indonesia will have 2009 People Election for House of Representatives in April 9, 2009 and Presidential And Vice Presidential Elections in July (first round) and September (final round). You don't want to stuck in campaign traffic jams, don't you?

Realized their real time traffic information are very critical for Jakarta citizens, then local governance of Jakarta decide to provide a real time traffic monitor through CCTV at most of intersections, business areas, and trade centers.






People can access this information through internet connections (by internet supported phone, mobile internet connection supported laptop, and PC in their office or other spot that has internet connection/hotspot).

Unfortunately, some citizens still didn't know to access this information through internet. So, in this blog I'll provide information needed to access them. You may access real time traffic monitor through CCTV below of this post.

Before you go to that access, I will explain how to use them :
First, you should have a flash player (such as adobe flash player 9) support in your browser. If you are using Microsoft Windows Vista or Microsoft Windows XP service pack 2, than your browser are ready to use to streamming real time traffic. But, if you using Windows Mobile 5 or 6 or other PC Operating System, then you need to download the flash player support first. You may search here :


After you have flash player support, ther you can streamming real time traffic monitor. This is the steps :
1. After go to the website, you will find like this :

Larger Image





2. First you should choose the district, the options are : Jakarta Timur (east Jakarta), Jakarta Pusat (central Jakarta), Jakarta Selatan (South Jakarta), Jakarta Barat (west Jakarta), and Jakarta Utara (North Jakarta).

Larger Image




3. After choosing the district, now you can choose what CCTV point you want to view. Remember, not maybe not all CCTV is on when you want to view. CCTV status indicated at the end of every CCTV point, identificated by (ON) or (OFF).

Larger Image




4. After choose the CCTV point, there's two method how you want to view the CCTV. They are STILL (for manual refresh) and AUTO REFRESH. If you choose auto refresh, the CCTV will auto refresh every 30 seconds.

Larger Image



Oke, that's all...happy streaming :)
Just Click the picture below to start :





Goodbye Geo Counter

I'm no longer using Geo Counter (geocompteur) widget


From today, I'm no longer using Geo Counter (geocompteur) widget from www.widgeo.net with their third site map on www.compteur.cc. I love the widget view, but main reason I terminated using their service is they put advertises running by hidden script. It's annoying much...specially for my advertise on my own blog.

So, I CAN'T HARDLY WAIT TO DUMP www.widgeo.net from my blog.

At the first time, I'm so impressed by their widget skin..so attractive. And I realized they have policies that they will puts some ads in my blog. But, never know how often their pop up ads every time I and my friends or visitor load my blog. Until I count that their ads pop up in 2-3 ads windows for every single blog loading. Sometime their ads also appear inline of any word and crash my inline ads from adbrite or kontera which truly give me cash . I'm sure some of you still remember how disappointed when come to my blog in the past. I'm so sorry for that.

As you can read from www.widgeo.net, they have policies :

Policies

  1. Our widgets are offered free of charge.
  2. HTML code may not be modified by users.
  3. We offer no guarantees of uptime or reliability.
  4. In order to use our free services, you must include ALL of the html given when you sign up including the sponsored link. You may not alter the code. (exceptions may be made for minor formatting that does not hide the links)
  5. If you have any adult content, you must use the right HTML code.
  6. Some of the Products and Services are supported by advertising (Clicksor,CPX interactive(Yahoo),Linkshare,Gunggo...), enabling WIDGEO to provide them to you at no cost. When you use these free services, you agree to allow WIDGEO to display advertising, including third party advertising, through the Products and Services. WIDGEO reserves the right to modify the Products and Services from time to time, for any reason, and without notice, including the right to terminate the Products and Services or to change the nature, style, or form of advertisements displayed through the Products and Services.
  7. With the use of Widgeo products and services on the site it is accepted that WIDGEO has the right to place advertisements on the site in any format or through any channel, including but not limited to e-mail, layer ads, pops, banners and other usual formats without any forewarning and it is furthermore accepted that WIDGEO takes no responsibility for the advertising content and that WIDGEO shall not be liable for any losses incurred regarding this advertising.
  8. Widgeo.net reserves the right to terminate this service at any time and offers no guarantees of uptime or accuracy.

And, not like other similar service, I can't see my traffic detail when I click that widget. So, it less useful for me. They only show traffic report on the widget in my blog. This traffic only for a single day and total visitor information. So, I can't get my yesterday traffic information by this service. This is the widget look in my blog a minutes before I dump it (March 18, 2009 GMT+7) :


Anyway still I want to thank you for your services until this day. Goodbye www.widgeo.net !! Now, as you see I had replace it with other counter service which I'll discuss in my next post : Online Traffic Counter and Statistic Service Provider

Travelling to Pulau Untung Jawa at Pulau Seribu (The Thousand Island)

Travelling to Pulau Untung Jawa at Pulau Seribu (The Thousand Island)


Have you visit an island where located at bunch of island? Well, if yes, you should check this out to compare. This is the ones of most place to visit before die. Enjoy your journey and holiday with minimum budget.


Indonesia have lot of most popular tourism destination like Bali Island, Toba Lake, Bandung, Bunaken, Pulau Seribu (The Thousand Island), and a lot more. Pulau Seribu are located at sea between Borneo (north side) and DKI Jakarta (south side). Pulau Seribu is perfect places to visit. Not only for recreation and sea sport (fishing, Beaches recreation, Scuba Diving, Sailing), but also for "survival". There are some island with no "inmate", just you..island and sea.


Located about 45 km north of Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia, Pulau Seribu (also called Kepulauan Seribu) has a value conservation and unique ecosystem. With total about 1.180,80 hectares or 11.80 km square, 15.600 populations, Pulau Seribu Jakarta consist of 105 islands scattered at 4 districts. The main activities of resident of Kepulauan Seribu are fisherman. Some island at Pulau Seribu have become tourism destination such as Genteng Besar, Pulau Lipan, Pulau Macan,Pulau Melintang Besar, Pulau Perak, Pulau Putri Besar [Putri Island], Pulau Sebaru Besar. Some are still need development for tourism.



Travel to Pulau Seribu is easy to reach from Jakarta, especially from Ancol Dreamland. And the nearest island, Pulau Bidadari [Bidadari island] and Pulau Ayer[Ayer island] by speed boat it takes around 20minutes. Every day, from Marina Pier, or to Far Island (pulau Pantara [Pantara island], Pulau Kulkul Kotok [Kulkul Kotok island], Pulau Putri [Putri island], Pulau Sepa[Sepa island]) by speed boat it takes around 2 hours, due to for the efficiency of fuel of boat transportation.

Today every boat departure to Pulau Seribu have the minimum passanggers, please check to your travel agency about boat schedule to Pulau Seribu and cottage availablelity before you will travelling to pulau seribu jakarta.


In this moment, I'll introduce you a little beautification of Pulau Seribu.


Pulau Untung Jawa

Pulau Untung Jawa is one of bunch Pulau Seribu. You may reach the island from Marina Pier or from Tanjung Jawa (near Soekarno Hatta Airport). I suggest you to reach from tanjung jawa, because it's only take about 30 minutes to the island with a sailboat. From Marina Pier, you could spend 3-4 hours (even with a boat) depending to weather. To use sailboad, you need to pay about IDR 5,000 - 15,000 (about US$ 1). In this island, you may stay on homestay. I want you to keep in mind, this is not a hotel standard. It cost IDR 100,000 (US$8.33)/night for ingenuous - IDR 450.000 (US$37.5)/night with air conditioning facilities. Or, you could try a camping for free ones.


In this island, I and my familly stay for a couple days. This is small island with +/- 100 people. We could enjoy sea and beach panorama here by swimming, diving, circling, night fishing, or rent a sailboat.


If you rent a bicycle, then you could island-circling for 30 minutes only. Rent a bicycle cost IDR 5.000 (US$ 0,4) for one hour.

You could rent a sailboat from local citizen for travelling to near islands such as Pulau Rambut, Pulau Cipir/Khayangan, Pulau Bidadari, Pulau Onrus, and Pulau Kelor.



Pulau rambut
The bird homeland. This is ones of bird conservation island. Located near Pulau Untung Jawa, in this island we could see how bird perched on a branch from a 30 meter high tower station.







Pulau Cipir (also called as Pulau Khayangan)
In this island, we could see beautifull long beach. There no homestay and electrical, usually brave journer would stay here by camping and fishing for a view day. Very awesome and challengging!





Pulau Onrus
An island with lot of fortress. In this island we could see graves of the first founder, dutch soldier, and first family of the soldier. Indonesia used this island for hajj quarantine until 1970's. Hajj quarantine here before and after they went to Makkah from Jakarta. There was a hajj hospital here.




Pulau Bidadari
This is a well developed tourism place. There is a three star hotel with natural beach side. On this island, we could see a fortress that build by Dutch on +/- 1500 A.D.



Pulau Kelor
There is only one fortress here, nothing resident nor anchorage. I couldn't go there because of beachcomber. But, it is awesome to see this island from sailboat.


Well, for 3 day, you might be sent about IDR 4,000,000 (US$333.3)- IDR 6,000,000 (US$500) for 5 people. But, that's depend on your activities:)

Ok, that's my journey... so, what your journey will be? We wait your laugh here on Indonesia.

Indonesia 2009 State Budget of Revenues and Expenditures base on Act 41 of 2008 and Perpres 72 of 2008

Indonesia 2009 State Budget of Revenues and Expenditures base on Act 41 of 2008 and Perpres 72 of 2008

Indonesian Government and The Indonesian House Of Representatives have agreed to sign 2009 budget draft. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono signed Act no. 41 - 2008 about 2009 Indonesia’s 2009 State Budget of Revenues and Expenditures (undang-undang No. 41 Tahun 2008 tentang Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara Tahun Anggaran 2009) on November 10, 2008.


Total Indonesia revenues are estimated to IDR 985.725.328.522.000,00 (about $85,715,245,958.43) consist of tax revenue (IDR 725.842.970.000.000,00), non tax revenue (IDR 258.943.558.522.000,00), and grant (IDR 938.8
00.000.000,00). In other side, Indonesia need budget for expenses around IDR 1.037.067.338.122.000,00 (about $90,179,768,532.35). This mean Indonesian Government have deficit on budget remains at IDR 51.342.009.600.000,00 (about $4,464,522,573.91).

Wow !! Do Indonesia really need that budget? Let’s see the priority by agency, program and location. Indonesian Government signed President’s Polish no. 72 – 2008 about 2009 Indonesian’s 2009 Detailed State Budget of Revenues and Expenditures (Perpres No.72 Tahun 2008 tentang Rincian Anggaran Belanja Pemerintah Pusat Tahun Anggaran 2009) to implement The Act no.41 – 2008. The President’ Polish no.72 – 2008 signed by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono on November 29, 2008.

Reading The President’ Polish no.72 – 2008, we can find that Indonesian Government put priority on education sector (19.27%), infrastructure sector (10.86%), and military (10.45%). If you need too download full page about The Act no.41 of 2008 and President's Polish No. 72 of 2008, you may download pdf version here :


Here the budget allocation by ministry or institute, sort by percent :

62,098,268,498,000 --> 19.27% DEPARTEMEN PENDIDIKAN NASIONAL / Department of National Education
34,987,435,382,000 --> 10.85% DEPARTEMEN PEKERJAAN UMUM / Department of Public Work
33,667,629,267,000 --> 10.45% DEPARTEMEN PERTAHANAN / Department of Defense
26,656,600,559,000 --> 8.27% DEPARTEMEN AGAMA / Department of Religious Affairs
24,816,713,972,000 --> 7.70% KEPOLISIAN NEGARA / THE POLICE FORCE OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
20,273,526,562,000 --> 6.29% DEPARTEMEN KESEHATAN / Department of Health
16,977,783,257,000 --> 5.27% DEPARTEMEN PERHUBUNGAN / Department of Transportation
15,369,624,126,000 --> 4.77% DEPARTEMEN KEUANGAN / Department of Finance
8,702,202,952,000 --> 2.70% DEPARTEMEN DALAM NEGERI / Department of Home Affairs
8,170,774,535,000 --> 2.54% DEPARTEMEN PERTANIAN / Department of Agriculture
6,745,135,328,000 --> 2.09% DEPARTEMEN ENERGI DAN SUMBER DAYA MINERAL / Department of Energy and Mineral esources

5,473,085,231,000 --> 1.70% MAKAMAH AGUNG / Supreme Court
5,221,033,652,000 --> 1.62% DEPARTEMEN LUAR NEGERI / Department of Foreign Affairs
4,391,401,465,000 --> 1.36% DEPARTEMEN HUKUM DAN HAK ASASI MANUSIA / Department of Justice and Human Rights
3,447,593,645,000 --> 1.07% DEPARTEMEN KELAUTAN DAN PERIKANAN / Department of Maritime and Fisheries Affairs
3,427,220,777,000 --> 1.06% DEPARTEMEN SOSIAL / Department of Social Services
2,858,376,088,000 --> 0.89% BADAN PERTANAHAN NASIONAL / National Land Agency
2,828,110,011,000 --> 0.88% DEPARTEMEN TENAGA KERJA DAN TRANSMIGRASI / Department of Manpower and Transmigration
2,616,925,735,000 --> 0.81% DEPARTEMEN KEHUTANAN / Department of Forestry
2,061,003,107,000 --> 0.64% DEPARTEMEN KOMUNIKASI DAN INFORMATIKA / Department of Communication and Informatics
1,948,375,371,000 --> 0.60% DEWAN PERWAKILAN RAKYAT / The Indonesian House Of Representatives
1,911,212,782,000 --> 0.59% KEJAKSAAN AGUNG / ATTORNEY GENERAL
1,762,979,952,000 --> 0.55% DEPARTEMEN PERINDUSTRIAN / Department of Industry
1,725,483,457,000 --> 0.54% BADAN PEMERIKSA KEUANGAN / The Audit Board Of Republic Indonesia
1,706,344,796,000 --> 0.53% BADAN PUSAT STATISTIK / Central Board of Statistic
1,532,907,576,000 --> 0.48% SEKRETARIAT NEGARA / States Secretary
1,302,365,411,000 --> 0.40% DEPARTEMEN PERDAGANGAN / Department of Trade
1,196,004,981,000 --> 0.37% BADAN KOORDINASI KELUARGA BERENCANA NASIONAL / National Family Planning Coordination Board
1,147,729,481,000 --> 0.36% BADAN PENANGANAN LUMPUR SIDOARJO /
1,118,178,526,000 --> 0.35% DEPARTEMEN KEBUDAYAAN DAN PARIWISATA / Department of Culture and Tourism
1,091,835,781,000 --> 0.34% KEMENTERIAN NEGARA PEMBANGUNAN DAERAH TERTINGGAL / State Minister for Acceleration Development Backward Regions
982,851,724,000 --> 0.30% BADAN INTELIJEN NEGARA / The State Intelligence Board
964,158,622,000 --> 0.30% KEMENTERIAN NEGARA PERUMAHAN RAKYAT / State Minister for Public Housing
956,628,259,000 --> 0.30% KOMISI PEMILIHAN UMUM /
858,109,031,000 --> 0.27% KEMENTERIAN NEGARA PEMUDA DAN OLAH RAGA / State Minister for Youth and Sports Affairs
801,119,003,000 --> 0.25% BADAN METEOROLOGI DAN GEOFISIKA / Meteorology and Geophysics Board
749,764,642,000 --> 0.23% KEMENTERIAN NEGARA KOPERASI DAN UKM / State Minister for Cooperatives Small and Medium Enterprises
661,391,699,000 --> 0.21% BADAN PENGAWAS OBAT DAN MAKANAN / National Agency of Drug and Food Control
610,249,823,000 --> 0.19% BADAN PENGAWASAN KEUANGAN DAN PEMBANGUNAN / Audit and Development Supervising Agency
523,037,109,000 --> 0.16% BADAN PENGKAJIAN DAN PENERAPAN TEKNOLOGI / Agency for the Assesment and Application Technology
497,916,689,000 --> 0.15% LEMBAGA SANDI NEGARA /
478,624,529,000 --> 0.15% LEMBAGA ILMU PENGETAHUAN INDONESIA / Indonesian Institute of Sciences
462,235,701,000 --> 0.14% DEWAN PERWAKILAN DAERAH /
424,454,454,000 --> 0.13% KEMENTERIAN NEGARA RISET DAN TEKNOLOGI / State Minister for Research and Technology
393,057,379,000 --> 0.12% KEMENTERIAN NEGARA PPN/KEPALA BAPPENAS / State Minister for Chairperson of the National Development Planning Agency
382,025,171,000 --> 0.12% BADAN TENAGA NUKLIR NASIONAL / National Nuclear Energy Board
376,815,066,000 --> 0.12% BADAN KOORDINASI PENANAMAN MODAL / Investment Coordinating Board
376,406,744,000 --> 0.12% KEMENTERIAN NEGARA LINGKUNGAN HIDUP / State Minister for the Environment
366,585,393,000 --> 0.11% PERPUSTAKAAN NASIONAL REPUBLIK INDONESIA / National Library of Republic Indonesia
360,067,946,000 --> 0.11% BADAN KEPEGAWAIAN NEGARA / State Employees Board
359,523,097,000 --> 0.11% BADAN KOORDINASI SURVEY DAN PEMETAAN NASIONAL / National Coordination Agency For Surveys and Mapping
337,698,323,000 --> 0.10% MAJELIS PERMUSYAWARATAN RAKYAT / People's Representative Council
324,780,961,000 --> 0.10% BADAN NARKOTIKA NASIONAL /
315,235,856,000 --> 0.10% KOMISI PEMBERANTASAN KORUPSI /
262,515,170,000 --> 0.08% BADAN NASIONAL PENEMPATAN DAN PERLINDUNGAN TKI (BNP2TKI) /
207,444,607,000 --> 0.06% KEMENTERIAN KOORDINATOR BIDANG POLITIK, HUKUM, DAN KEAMANAN / Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal, and Security Affairs
206,224,864,000 --> 0.06% LEMBAGA PENERBANGAN DAN ANTARIKSA NASIONAL / National Institution of Space and Aeronautics
193,866,196,000 --> 0.06% LEMBAGA ADMINISTRASI NEGARA / National Institute of Administration
193,173,425,000 --> 0.06% MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI /
176,378,744,000 --> 0.05% KEMENTERIAN NEGARA BADAN USAHA MILIK NEGARA / State Minister for State Owned Enterprises
147,486,946,000 --> 0.05% BADAN KOORDINASI NASIONAL PENANGGULANGAN BENCANA DAN PENGUNGSI /
129,068,864,000 --> 0.04% KEMENTERIAN KOORDINATOR BIDANG PEREKONOMIAN / Coordinating Minister for the Economy
128,169,334,000 --> 0.04% LEMBAGA KETAHANAN NASIONAL /
121,753,247,000 --> 0.04% KEMENTERIAN NEGARA PENDAYAGUNAAN APARATUR NEGARA / State Minister for the Empowerment of State Apparatus
116,996,906,000 --> 0.04% KEMENTERIAN NEGARA PEMBERDAYAAN PEREMPUAN / State Minister for Women Empowerment
115,040,639,000 --> 0.04% ARSIP NASIONAL REPUBLIK INDONESIA / National Archives of Republic of Indonesia
113,217,536,000 --> 0.04% PUSAT PELAPORAN DAN ANALISIS TRANSAKSI KEUANGAN / Indonesian Financial Transaction Reports And Analysis Center
99,779,082,000 --> 0.03% KOMISI YUDISIAL /
99,250,224,000 --> 0.03% KEMENTERIAN KOORDINATOR BIDANG KESEJAHTERAAN RAKYAT / Coordinating Minister for People Welfare
74,103,961,000 --> 0.02% BADAN STANDARDISASI NASIONAL / National Standardization Board
55,635,784,000 --> 0.02% BADAN PENGAWAS TENAGA NUKLIR NASIONAL / Nuclear Energy Controlling Board
55,136,144,000 --> 0.02% KOMISI NASIONAL HAK ASASI MANUSIA /
25,566,979,000 --> 0.01% DEWAN KETAHANAN NASIONAL /


Unfortunately, on February 2009, Indonesian's Government state that Indonesia will discuss the 2009 State Budget of Revenues and Expenditures (APBN 2009) with The Indonesian House Of Representatives to determine budget deficit and expant more budget for bailout (stimulus fiskal). Sri Mulyani, Ministry of Finance, said that If this draft agreed, it would be signed as APBN-P 2009 (Changed 2009 State Budget of Revenues and Expenditures).


If you need too download full page about The Act no.41 of 2008 and President's Polish No. 72 of 2008, you may download pdf version here :


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Undang-undang No. 41 Tahun 2008
President Polish no. 41 of 2008

about Indonesia 2009 State Budget of Revenues and Expenditures

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President Polish no. 72 of 2008


Indonesia Detail 2009 State Budget of Revenues and Expenditures


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Indonesia Detail 2009 State Budget of Revenues and Expenditures classified by ministry/institute/board and organization units


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Indonesia Detail 2009 State Budget of Revenues and Expenditures classified by function, sub-function, program and expenditure types


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Introduction to Corruption


Introduction to Corruption

Most of us have an idea of what corruption is. But we don’t necessarily share the same idea. That is why we need to ask the question about what corruption is. For example, do you believe giving money to speed up the processing of an application is corruption? Do you think awarding contracts to those who gave large campaign contributions is corruption? Do you think bribing a doctor to ensure your mother gets the medicine she needs is corruption? Do you think using government construction equipment to build an addition on one’s house is corruption?

Corruption is not just the clearly “bad” cases of government officials skimming off money for their own benefit. It includes cases where the systems don’t work well, and ordinary people are left in a bind, needing to give a bribe for the medicine or the licenses they need.

All of the above are examples of public corruption. They all involve the misuse of public office for private gain. In other words, they involve a government official benefiting at the expense of the taxpayer or at the expense of the average person who comes into contact with the government. By contrast, Private corruption is between individuals in the private sector, such as the Mafia extorting money from a local business. This course deals primarily with public corruption.


Definition
Public Corruption: The misuse of public office for private gain.

Ask Your Self
Which of the following scenarios are illustrations of public corruption:
• Companies colluding to fix prices in their industries
• Drivers bribing a police officer to avoid speeding tickets
• Political party officials rigging elections
• Companies selling their faulty products
• Children buying illegal narcotics for recreational use


Corruption vs. Gift Giving
Corruption is not only a western concept. In any society, there is a difference between what happens above board and what is under the table, of what is accepted and what causes outrage. Although different societies have their own notions of corruption, here are four questions to help determine what is right:
Transparency: Do I mind if others know or the press reports on what I do?
Accountability: Do I report my actions to others? Do they hold me to standards?
Reciprocity: Would I feel hurt if others did the same thing?
Generalization: Would it harm society if everybody did the same thing?

Gift giving in many village traditions, for example, is not considered corruption as the transaction is transparent and not secret; the scale is modest, not life-changing; the benefits are usually shared with the community, for example the council of elders; and the public rights are not violated.

Ask Your Self
Imagine that you are an official working for the government. What hospitality or gifts should you accept from contractors? Use the four questions listed above to guide you in your decisions.
• Cup of coffee or tea, lunch, dinner for your family
• Theatre tickets, overseas holiday, expenses for your children to study abroad
• Book, scarf, shirt or tie, TV set and video, car, house


Types of Corruption
There are many types of corruption. For most people, bribery probably comes first to mind when they hear the word corruption, but other common types of corruption include nepotism, fraud, and embezzlement.
Bribery: An offer of money or favors to influence a public official.
Nepotism: Favoritism shown by public officials to relatives or close friends.
Fraud: Cheating the government through deceit.
Embezzlement: Stealing money or other government property.

In talking about different types of corruption, an important distinction is between administrative corruption and political corruption.
Administrative Corruption: Corruption that alters the implementation of policies, such as getting a license even if you don’t qualify for it.
Political Corruption: Corruption that influences the formulation of laws, regulations, and policies, such as revoking all licenses, and gaining the sole right to operate the beer or gas monopoly.

Another important distinction is between grand corruption and petty corruption.
Grand Corruption: Corruption involving substantial amounts of money and usually high-level officials.
Petty Corruption: Corruption involving smaller sums and typically more junior officials.

Corruption levels can vary within a country for different types. For example, there may be very little grand corruption in a country with a relatively clean elite, but a large amount of petty corruption in the lower offices of government.

Ask Your Self
In small groups, find four examples of corruption from newspapers or personal experience. Identify the type of corruption involved in each case. In class, present the examples to the whole group. How similar or different are the examples? Post the examples from your class on the WBI course website. How different are the corruption cases across the countries participating in the course? As the course progresses, follow the development of these cases. Later we will come back to the question of what could be done to prevent these corrupt acts.


Costs of Corruption
Eve n if you don’t come into direct contact with corruption, corruption affects you. Corruption reduces the overall wealth in a country since it can discourage businesses from operating in such a corrupt setting.

In countries with high levels of corruption, for example, average income is about three times lower than in less corrupt countries (the difference between, say, Ukraine and the Czech Republic, Indonesia and South Korea, Nicaragua and El Salvador, or Chad and Namibia).


Corruption also reduces the amount of money the government has to pay good workers and purchase supplies, such as books and medicine. It distorts the way the government uses its money, too.


The result is that schools, health clinics, roads, sewer systems, police forces, and many other services that governments provide are worse than they would otherwise be. Because of this, infant mortality rates are also about three times higher and literacy rates are about 25 percentage points lower in high corruption countries than in countries with low to medium levels of corruption.


In addition, corruption is unfair and allows those with money or connections to bend the law or government rules in their favor. They can pay off judges, for example, or dive rt scarce drinking water to their land. For these reasons, corruption harms the environment and undermines trust in government.



Ask Your Self
Look at this picture carefully and answer the following questions.
• Describe what you see in the picture above.
• Would this be a typical scene in your country?
• How could corruption have contributed to the collapse of the highway?







Source: The World Bank


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