Manipulation and Corruption

Corruption has become an issue of major political and economic significance in recent years and the necessity to take measures against it has become evident.

Explooring Manipulation ?...ask Mbah Ghus Taf..on the spot

Drop Dead Models

Story of Models That Drop

Here is some example of world economic crisis, even models is become a victim of it.

Why, you say, it has a connection with economic crisis?
As you can see from the picture, the agency have to cut off inefficient expenses including....Janitor.
by GerrysRealm

Citigroup loses $9bn and plans to cut 52,000 jobs

Citigroup loses $9bn and plans to cut 52,000 jobs

I saw TV yesterday and shock knowing that Citigroup loses $9bn and plans to cut 52,000 jobs. Citigroup, once the world's biggest bank, saw more than $9bn (£6bn) wiped off its value yesterday as its shares were locked in a downward spiral on Wall Street, amid fears the bank will lose billions more in the months ahead as bad debts pile up.

As the market closed, Citigroup shares were down by more than 22% at $6.45 (£4.30), their lowest level since 1995. From global top spot, the bank is now ranked fifth in the US by market value, behind the regional lender US Bancorp.

Citigroup's market capitalisation plunged to $35.5bn (£23.7bn) by the time the New York Stock Exchange closed. At the start of the day it was worth more than $44bn (£29.6bn), while a little more than a year ago Citi had a market value of $250bn (£167bn) and dominated US banking.

The sell-off in Citi shares increases the pressure on Vikram Pandit, the embattled chief executive who has failed to arrest its rapid decline. Since Pandit took over the helm of Citi last December, the company has posted losses of more than $20bn and the banking group has lost more than 73% of its market value.

Pandit revealed plans to cut 52,000 jobs from operations worldwide, including thousands in the City of London. Far from pleasing the market, the move served only to further depress the share price.

To make matters worse, several Wall Street analysts yesterday published bleak profits forecasts for Citigroup.

David Trone, banking analyst at Fox-Pitt Kelton, said he expects Citigroup to take net write-downs of $3bn during the fourth quarter. Trone also widened his quarterly loss estimate for Citigroup to 79 cents a share, from 8 cents.

Citigroup was the biggest loser among US banks yesterday on another nightmarish trading session on Wall Street.

Citi was not alone, as billions of dollars were slashed from the market values of all of America's biggest banks. Bank of America shares were down more than 14% at $13, and JP Morgan Chase shares fell more than 11% to $28.47.

The US labour department's consumer price index plummeted 1%, the biggest drop since records began in 1947. Analysts said earlier concern about inflation risks might soon be replaced by worries about deflation.

for more information, you can read at :

Indonesia Economic

Global recession also impact indonesia market. Palm Oil Industrial Cluster, rubber, steel industry and garment sector have experienced the impact. Palm oil price drop until Rp. 350,- / kg on
15/10/2008 (read more at and still continue drop to Rp. 200,- / kg on November. I hear from friends in Sumatera, to transport from field to processing plant may cost about Rp. 400.000/ton (1 ton = 1000 kg). This is just production cost for transportation only.

Microsoft Tale

Microsoft Tale

In 2050 A.D. Bill Gates dies in a car accident. He finds himself in the Purgatory waiting room, when God enters...

"Well, Bill," says God, "I'm confused. I'm not sure whether to send you to Heaven or Hell: you helped society enormously by putting a computer in almost every home in the world, and yet you've also created some of the most unearthly frustrations known to mankind. I'm going to do something I've never done before: I'm going to let you choose where you want to go."

Bill replies, "Well, thanks, God. What's the difference between the two?"

God says, "I'm willing to let you visit both places briefly to help you make your decision."

"Okay, where should I go first?" asks Bill.

God says, "That's up to you."

Bill says, "OK, let's try Hell first."
So Bill goes to Hell. It's a beautiful, clean, sandy beach with clear waters. There are thousands of beautiful women running around, playing in the water, laughing and frolicking about. The sun is shining, the temperature is just right. The whole thing looks perfect, and Bill is very pleased.

"This is great!" he tells God, "If this is Hell, I REALLY want to see Heaven!"

"Fine," says God, and off they go.

Heaven is a high place in the clouds, with angels drifting about playing harps and singing. It very nice but not as enticing as Hell. Bill thinks for a moment and announces his decision.

"Hmm, I think I prefer Hell." he tells God.

"Fine," says God, "As you desire."
So Bill Gates is taken to Hell.

Two weeks later, God decides to check up on Bill to see how he's doing in Hell. When God arrives in Hell, he finds Bill shackled to a wall, screaming amongst the hot flames in a dark cave. He's being burned and tortured by demons.

"How's everything going, Bill?" God asks.

Bill replies, his voice full of anguish and disappointment, "This is awful, it's not what I expected at all, I can't believe it. What happened to that other place with the beaches and the beautiful women playing in the water?"

God smiles and says, "That was the screen saver."

from : Anonymous

Indonesian Acronyms

Indonesian Acronyms
Explore the full database by click read more below. To find an acronym first click on this page then from the "Edit" menu in your browser select "Find in Frame" (Netscape) or "Find on this page" (Internet Explorer).

AAD - Aliansi Aceh Damai, Aceh Peace Alliance

AAI - Indonesian Advocates' Association

AAP - Australian Associated Press

AAPMI - Association of Indonesian Fashion Designers

AAPN - Aliansi Advokasi Pendidikan Nasional, National Education Advocacy Alliance

ABB - Aliansi Buruh Bersatu, United Workers' Alliance

ABM - Aliansi Buruh Menggugat, Workers Challenge Alliance/Alliance of Laborers Demands

ABMKP - Aliansi Buruh Menggugat Kawasan Pulogadung, Pulogadung District Workers Challenge Alliance

ABRI - Angkatan Bersenjata Republic Indonesia, Indonesian Armed Forces (now TNI)

ABS - Aceh Barat Selatan, South-West Aceh (province)

ABTI - Aliansi Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, Unity in Diversity Alliance

ABY - Aliansi Buruh Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta Worker Alliance

ACSTF - Acehnese Civil Society Task Force

ADB - Asian Development Bank

Adkasi - Association of Indonesian Regional DPRDs

ADRI - Angkatan Darat Republik Indonesia, Indonesian Army

ADTK - Kelompok Kerja Aceh Damai Tanpa Korupsi, Aceh Working Group for Peace Without Corruption

AEI - Indonesian Public Companies Association

AFA - ASEAN Federation of Accountants

AFP - Agence France Presse

AGAP - Anti-Apostasy Movement Alliance

AICE - Association of Indonesian Coffee Exporters

AICESSCC - Indonesia-China Economic Social and Cultural Cooperation Association

AIMMI - Association of Indonesian Edible Oil Industries

AIPI - Asosiasi Ilmu Politik Indonesia, Association of Indonesian Political Scientists

AIPO - ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Organization

AJI - Alliance of Independent Journalists

AKABRI - Akademi ABRI, Armed Forces Academy

AKML - Aksi Kesatuan Mahasiswa Lebak, Lebak United Student Action

ALA - Aceh Leuser Antara (province)

ALDP - Aliansi Demokratik untuk Papua, Democratic Alliance for Papua

ALRI - Angkatan Laut Republik Indonesia, Indonesian Navy

Alutsista - Alat utama sistem senjata, weapons system

AMAN - Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nasional, National Indigenous Society Alliance/Alliance of Traditional Peoples

AMAN - Nusantara Community Alliance

AMAR - Aliansi Mahasiswa Antikorupsi Riau, Riau Anti-Corruption Student Alliance

AMD - ABRI Masuk Desa, ABRI community service program

AMDAL - Environmental Impact Analysis

Amdal - the Environmental Impact Analysis (2nd ref: the analysis

AMJK - Aliansi Mahasiswa Jaringan Kota, Urban Alliance Student Network

AMM - Aceh Monitoring Mission

AMM - ASEAN Ministerial Meeting

AMN - Akademi Militer Nasional, National Military Academy

AMP - Aliansi Mahasiwsa Papua, Papua Student Alliance

AMPPA - Aliansi Mahasiswa Peduli Perdamaian Aceh, Student Concern Alliance for Aceh Peace

Ampres - Amanat Presiden, Presidential Instruction

AMT - Akademi Militer Tangerang, Tangerang Military Academy

AMUK-Rakyat - Aliansi Masyarakat Untuk Kesejahteraan Rakyat, Social Alliance for the People's Welfare

ANEX - ASEAN News Exchange

Angkutdes - Angkutan Umum Pedesaan, Village Pubic Transport

AP - Aliansi Perempuan, Women's Alliance

AP - Associated Press

AP3I - Indonesian Retailers Association

APA - Acheh Peduli Acheh, Aceh Care For Aceh

APBD - Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Daerah, Regional (Administrative) Budget

APBN - Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara, State Budget

APEC - Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation

APECC - Asia Pacific Exhibition and Convention Council

APEI - Association of Indonesian Securities Companies

APEKSI - Asosiasi Pemerintahan Kota Seluruh Indonesia, All Indonesia Association of City Administration

Apfindo - Indonesian Meat Producers and Feedlot

APHI - Association of Indonesian Forest Concessionaires/ Indonesian Timber Firm Association

APHI - Indonesian Legal Counsel and Human Rights Association

API - Aliansi Petani Indonesia, Indonesian Farmers Alliance

API - Asosiasi Textil Indonesia, Indonesian Textile Association

APINDO - Asosiasi Pengusaha Indonesia, Indonesian Employers Association

APJATI - Association of Labor Export Companies

APKI - Indonesian Pulp and Paper Association

Apkindo - Association of Indonesian Wood Panel Producers

APM - Aliansi Papua Mahasiswa, Papuan Student's Alliance

APM - Aliansi Perempuan Menggugat, Women's Challenge Alliance

Apnatel - Indonesian Telecommunications Association

Apodeti - Pro-integration group in East Timor

APPI - Aliansi Pemantau Pemilu Independen, Independent Election Monitoring Alliance

APPSI - Association for Provincial Governments of Indonesia (grouping of 33 governors)

Aprindo - Association of Indonesian Retailers

Aprisindo - Indonesian Footwear Makers Association

APTISI - Asosiasi Perguruan Tinggi Swasta Indonesia, Indonesian Association of Private Colleges

APU - Akta Pengakuan Utang, Debt Acknowledgement Certificate

ARAI - Aliansi Rakyat Anti Imperialisme, Anti-Imperialist People's Alliance

ARB - Aliansi Rakyat Bersatu, United People's Alliance

ARC - Aceh Reconstruction Consortium

ARM - Aliansi Rakyat Menggugat, People's Charge Alliance/Alliance of People's Demand

ARPA - Aliansi Rakyat Peduli Air, People's Water Concern Alliance

Arpindo - Indonesian Association of Pager Operators

ARUP - Aliansi Rakyat Untuk Perubahan, People's Alliance for Change

ASEAN - Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ASEAN - CCI ASEAN Chamber of Commerce and Industry

ASEM - Asia-Europe Meeting Asia

Asirevi - Video Film Importers Association, 2nd ref association

ASIRI - Recording Industry Association

ASIS - Australian Secret Intelligence Service

ASITA - Association of Indonesian Tour and Travel Agencies

Askes - state-owned Health Insurance Company

Askindo - Indonesian Cocoa Association

Askrindo - Indonesian Credit Insurance

Aspadin - Association of Indonesian Producers of Packaged Drinking Water

ASPEK - Asosiasi Serikat Pekerja, Indonesian Association of Trade Workers

Aspiluki - Indonesian Computer Software Association

ASRI - Indonesian Fine Arts Academy

Astek - State insurance program

Asumsi - Aliansi Solidaritas Untuk Munir dan Demokrasi, Solidarity Alliance for Munir and Democracy

ATF - ASEAN Tourism Forum

ATK - Aliansi Tolak Korupsi, Anti-Corruption Alliance

Atma Jaya - Universitas Katholik, Catholic University

ATNI - National Theater Academy of Indonesia

AURI - Indonesian Air Force

AuSI - Alliance for Indonesian Wildlife

AWG - Aceh Working Group

BA - Bungga Aceh, Flower Aceh (women's group)

Babinsa - Bintara Pembina Desa, Non-commissioned military officer posted in villages and wards and affiliated with the civilian administration

Bajaj - motorized trishaw

Bakin - State Intelligence Coordinating Body

BAKN - Institute of State Personnel Administration

Bakom-PKB - Coordinating Body for National Unity

Bakorinda - Badan Koordinasi Intelijen Daerah, Regional Intelligence Coordinating Agency

Bakorlak - an interdepartmental agency for drug control

Bakornas - PB National Disaster Management Coordination Board

Bakornas BPB - Badan Koordinasi Penanggulangan Bencana dan Pengungsi, Disaster and Refugee Relief Coordinating Body

Bakornas PBP - National Disaster Management and Refugee Coordination Board

Bakorstanas - Agency for the Coordination of Support for the Development of National Stability

Bakorstanasda - the Jakarta Agency for the Coordination of Support for the Development of National Stability

Bakorwil - Badan Koordinasi Wilayah, Regional Coordinating Agency

Bakosurtanal - Coordinating Body for Survey and National Charting Development board

Baleg - Badan Legislasi, Legislative Agency

Balitbang - Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan, Research and Development Division/Agency

Bamus - House's Consultative Body

Bamus Betawi - Native Jakartans Association

Bandungwangi - Mutual Support for Friendship and Protection (a help group for Kramat Tunggak prostitutes)

Banpol - Civilian Assistance to Police

Banpro - Bandung Promotion Group

BAP - Berita Acara Pemeriksaan, Interrogation Report

Bapebti - Indonesian Commodities Exchange Agency

Bapedal - Environmental Impact Management Agency, agency

Bapedalda - Regional Environmental Impact Management Agency

Bapeka - Supreme Audit Body

Bapeksta - Export Service Facilitating Agency

Bapepam - Capital Market Supervisory Agency,

Bapfida - Film Control Agency or City Film Control Agency

Bapindo - Indonesian Development Bank

Bappebti - Futures Exchange Supervisory Board

Bappeda - city's Development Planning Board

Bappenas - National Development Planning Board

Bareskrim - Badan Reserse Kriminal, Criminal Investigation Bureau

Batan - National Atomic Energy Agency

BAZIS an - (Islamic) board which oversees the collection of alms

BBM - Bahan Bakar Minyak, fuel

BBM - bahan bakar minyak, fuel

BEM - Badan Eksekutif Mahasiswa, Student Executive Council

Bepedti - Commodities Trading Board

Berantas - People's Fortress to Fight Aceh Separatists

Bhinneka Tunggal Ika - Unity in Diversity

BIA - Armed Forces Intelligence

BIDA - Batam Industrial Development Authority

BIDSUS - an agency responsible for fighting certain crimes, like subversion, corruption and smuggling

BIMP-EAGA - East Asian Growth Area composed of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines

BIN - Badan Inteligen Nasional, National Intelligence Agency (formerly Bakin)

BK - Badan Kehormatan, Honorary Council

BKKBN - National Family Planning Board

BKKKS - Social Welfare Coordinating Body

BKKN - National Narcotics Agency

BKKSI - Badan Koordinasi Kabupaten Seluruh Indonesia, All Indonesia Regency Coordinating Agency

BKO - Badan koordinasi Operasi, Operational Unit

BKPM - Badan Koordinasi Penanaman Modal, Investment Coordinating Board

BKPMD - Regional Investment Coordinating Board

BKSAP - House of Representatives Inter-Parliamentary Body

BKSDA - Natural Resources Conservation Center a local natural conservation office

BKSP - Greater Jakarta Coordination Board

BLBI - Bantuan Likuiditas Bank Indonesia, Central Bank Liquidity Support

BLHI - Board of the Indonesian Environment Management

BLT - Bantuan Langsung Tunai, Direct Cash Assistance

BMG - Meteorology and Geophysics Agency

BMI - Banteng Muda Indonesia, Indonesian Young Bulls, youth organisation affiliated with the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle

BMP - Milisi Besi Merah Putih, Red White Iron Militia (pro-Jakarta East Timor militia group)

BOB - Barisan Oposisi Bersatu, United Opposition Front

Bopunjur - Bogor-Puncak-Cianjur

BOS - Banutan Operasi Sekola, School Operational Aid

BOS - Yayasan Penyelamatan Orangutan Borneo, Foundation to Save Borneo Orangutans

Botabek - Bogor, Tangerang and Bekasi

BP Migas - Upstream Oil and Gas Regulatory Agency

BP7 - and Agency for the Propagation of Pancasila) OR an agency entrusted with the task of disseminating the state-ideology Pancasila

BPD - Democratic Pioneer Star Faction

BPD - Regional Development Bank

BPEN - National Agency for Export Development, 2nd ref agency

BPH - Badan Pembinaan Hukum, Legal Development Agency

BPHN - Agency for National Legal Development

BPI - the over-the-counter market, the Indonesian Parallel Bourse (stock exchange)

BPIS - Strategic Industries Supervisory Agency whose 10 strategic industries also include rail, weapons, explosives and telecommunications companies.

BPK - Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan, Supreme Audit Agency (was Bapeka)

BPKP - Badan Pengawasan Keuangan dan Pembangunan, Financial and Construction Supervisory Agency

BPKP - Financial and Construction Supervisory Agency

BPLHD - Badan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup DKI, Jakarta Environmental Management Agency

BPN - Badan Pertanahan Nasional, National Land Agency

BPP - Biaya Pokok Penyediaan, Basic Supply Costs

BPPC - Clove Marketing and Buffer Stock Agency

BPPI - Indonesian Tourism Promotion Board

BPPK - an agency to supervise the affairs of national heroes and their widows

BPPKA - Foreign Contractors Management Body

BPPN - Badan Penyehatan Perbankan Nasional (National Banking Recovery Agency) BUT more commonly referred to as the Indonesia Bank Restructuring Agency (IBRA)

BPPT - Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology

BPS - Badan Pusat Statistik, Central Bureau of Statistics

BPS - Central Statistics Agency

BPUT - Land Affairs Office

BRIEF - Business Review Indonesia Forum

Brigass - Brigade Siaga Satu, Red Alert Briga, youth wing of the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle

BRM - Barisan Rakyat Merdeka, People's Independence Front

BRN - State Secrets Agency, later became Bakin

BRR - Badan Pelaksana Badan Rehabilitasi dan Rekonstruksi, Aceh Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Agency


BTI - Barisan Tani Indonesia, Indonesian Peasants Front

Bulog - Badan Urusan Logistik, State Logistics Agency

BUMN - state-owned enterprises

BURT - Badan Urusan Rumah Tangga, BPPN

CAVR/KPKR - laporan Komisi Penerimaan, Kebenaran, dan Rekonsiliasi, Reception, Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Commissaoa de Acolhimento, Verdade e Reconciliacao

CBSA - Indonesian "active learning method" education system

CESDA - Center for the Study of Development and Democracy

CETRO - Center for Electoral Reform

Cetro - Centre for Electoral Reform

CFAN - Coordination Forum for Aceh and Nias

CGI - Consultative Group on Indonesia (was IGGI)

CGMI - Center Gerakan Mahasiwa Indonesia, Indonesian Student Movement Center (associated with the PKI)

CIDES - Center for Information and Development Studies

CIFOR - Center for International Forestry Research

CIPS - Center for Indonesian Property Studies

CIRUS - Center for Indonesian Regional and Urban Studies

CLDS - Center for Labor and Development Studies

CMI - Crisis Management Initiative

CNPPA-SEA - Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas for South East

CNRT - Conselho National de Resistancia Timorese, an East Timor resistance movement (National Resistance Council for an Independent East Timor)

COHA - Perjanjian Penghentian Permusuhan, Cessation of Hostilities Agreement

COSA - Komisi Pengatur Keamanan, Commission on Security Arrangement

CPIS - Center for Policy and Implementation Studies

CRP - Community Recovery Program, an NGO entrusted with distributing safety net funds from foreign donors

CSIS - Center for Strategic and International Studies

D4 - University diploma-level graduate

DAK - Dana Alokasi Khusus, Special Allocation Funds

Dalmas - Pengendalian Massa, Crowd Control

DAMRI - State-run bus company

Dandim - District Military Command

Danjen (Kopassus) - Commander General of Special Troop Commandoes

Danrem - Komandan Militar, Military Commander

DAP - Dewan Adat Papua, Papuan Traditional Council

DAU - Dana Abadi Umat, Religious Community Perpetuity Fund

DAU - Dana Alokasi Umum, General Allocations Fund/Grant

Dayah - Ikatan Mahasiswa Dayah Aceh, Aceh Student Association of Foster Mothers

DDII - Dewan Dakwah Islamiyah, Indonesian Council for Islamic Propagation

Dekopin - Indonesian Cooperatives Council

Demos - Indonesian Center for Democracy and Human Rights

Demos - Institute for Studies on Democracy and Civilian rights

Depadagri - Departemen Dalam Negeri, Department of Home/Internal Affairs

Depanri - National Aeronautics and Aviation Council

Deparlu - Departemen Luar Negeri, Department of Foreign Affairs

Depdag - Departmen Perdagangan, Department of Trade

Depdagri - Departemen Dalam Negeri, Home Affairs Department

Depdiknas - Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, National Education Department

Depkeh - Departemen Kehakiman, Department of Justice

Depkes - Departemen Kesehatan, Department of Health

Depkeu - Departemen Keuangan, Department of Finance

Depnaker - Departemen Tenaga Kerja, Department of Labour

Depnakertrans - Departmen Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi, Department of Labour and Transmigration

Depsos - Departemen Sosial, Department of Social Services

Dewan Syuro/Syura/Syuriah - Advisory Board

DFN - National Film Board

DIA - Aceh Special Province

DIIJT - Coordination Team and Technical Team for the Assessment of the Establishment of Investment Funds for Infrastructure and Toll Roads

Dinas - Autonomous agency offices under the governor or mayor/regent

Dishub - Dinas Perhubungan, Public Relations Office

Disnaker - Dinas Tenega Kerja, Labour Office

DIY - Yogyakarta Special Province

DKI - Jakarta Special Province

DKP - Officers Honor Council or Honorary Press Council

DKS - Surabaya arts council

DLLAJ - City Land Transportation Agency

DOM - Military Operational Area

DPA - Deutsche Presse Agentur

DPA - Supreme Advisory Council (this body advises the President on matters in various sectors)

DPC - Dewan Pengurus Cabang, Board of Directors at the branch level

DPD - Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, Regional Representatives Council

DPD - Regional Wage Council

DPIS - Agency for the Supervision of Strategic Industry

DPKEKU - Indonesian Economic and Finance Reselience Council

DPN - National Productivity Council

DPO - Daftar Pencarian Orang, Wanted List

DPP - Central Executive Board

DPR - Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, People's Representative Assembly, House of Representatives

DPRD - Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah, Provincial Legislative Council, local assembly, Regional House of Representatives

DPRD I - Provincial Legislative Council for provinces; City Council for cities

DPRD II - Regional Legislative Council for provinces; City Council for cities

DR - Reforestation Funds

DRN - National Research Council

DSN - National Standardization Board (environmental)

dst - dan seterusnya, and so on

EAGA - East ASEAN Growth Area, encompassing Indonesian provinces of North Sumatra and Aceh, the western parts of Malaysia and Thailand's southern areas

ECONIT - Advisory Group on Economic Industry and Trade

EJIP - East Jakarta Industrial Park

EKONID - German-Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Elsam - Lembaga Studi dan Advokasi Masyarakat, Institute for Public Research and Advocacy

Elsham - Institute for Human Rights Studies and Advocacy

ESDM - Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral, Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources

ET - (ex-political prisoner/former political detainee

ETAN - East Timor and Indonesia Action Network (formerly the East Timor Action Network)

FAGSAM - Front Anti Gerakan Aceh Merdeka, Anti-Free Aceh Movement Front

FAHMI - Front Aksi Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam, Islamic Student Association Action Front

Fakta - Jakarta Residents Forum

FAM - Front Aksi Mahasiswa, Student Action Front

FAM UI - , Front Aliansi Mahasiswa Universitas Indonesia, University of Indonesia Student Alliance Front

FAMP - Front Aksi Mahasiswa Papua, Papua Students Action Front

FAN - Front Anti Neoliberalisme, Anti-Neoliberal Front

FAS - Front Anti Separatis, Anti-Separatist Front (Aceh)

FASI - Indonesian Aerosport Federation

FBKM - Forum Buruh Kota Mojokerto, Mojokerto City Labour Forum

FBMB - Front Buruh Mahasiswa Bersatu, United Student Worker Front

FBMI - Federasi Buruh Metal Indonesia, Indonesian Workers Metal Federation

FBR - Native Jakarta Brotherhood Forum

FCHI - a Hindu intellectual organization.

FEUI - University of Indonesia's School of Economics and Finance

FISIP - Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, School of Social and Political Science of University of Indonesia

Fitra - Forum Indonesia untuk Transparansi Anggaran, Indonesian Forum for Budget Transparency

FKGBI - Forum Komunikasi Guru Bantu Indonesia, Indonesian Assistant Teachers Communication Forum

FKI - Indonesia Working Forum

FKKBB - The United Communication Forum of Bekasi Workers, Forum Komunikasi Kesatuan Buruh Bekasi

FKKP - Forum of Communication for Counterbalance Group

FKM - Forum Komunikasi Mahasiswa, Student Communication Forum

FKMJ - Forum Komunikasi Mahasiswa Jatinangor, Jatinangor Student Communication Forum

FKP - Front Kedaulatan untuk Papua, Front for Papuan Sovereignty

FKPGA - Communications Forum for Retired Garuda Employees

FKPI - Forum Kebangsaan Pemuda Indonesia, National Forum of Young Indonesians

FKPPI - Communication Forum of Indonesian Veterans' Children

FKPSM - Forum Komunikasi Pekerja Sosial Masyarakat, Communication Forum for Social Workers

FKSH - Forum of Social and Humanistic Studies in Yogyakarta.

FKUB - Communication Forum for Religious Harmony

FMF - Foreign Military Financing

FMIA - Front Mujahidin Islam Aceh, Aceh Islamic Mujahidin Front

FMN - National Students Forum, Forum Mahasiswa Nasional

FMNP - Front Mahasiswa Nasional Papua, Papuan National Student Front

FNPBI - Front Nasional Perjuangan Buruh Indonesia, Indonesian National Front for Labour Struggles

FOB - Forum Ormas Bersatu, United Mass Organisation Forum

FOBMI - Federasi Organisasi Buruh Migran Indonesia, Indonesian Migrant Workers Federation

FOR - Front Oposisi Rakyat, People's Opposition Front

Forbes - Forum Bersama, Joint Forum

Foreri - Forum for the Reconciliation of the Irian Jaya Community

Forkabi - Forum Komunikasi Anak Betawi, Betawi Children's Communication Forum

Forkassi - Communication Forum of Islamic Students

Forki - Indonesian Karate Federation

Formaci - Ciputat Student Forum

Formappi - Indonesian Parliamentary Social Concern Forum (parliamentary watchdog)

Fosko 66 - Forum, Studi dan Komunikasi, a study and communication forum

FP3 - Front Pembebasan Penindasan Papua, Liberation Front against the Oppression of Papua

FPD - Front Penegak Demokrasi, Upholders of Democracy Front

FPDRA - Front Perlawanan Demokratik Rakyat Aceh, Acehnese Popular Democratic Resistance Front

FPI - Islamic Defenders Front

FPIT - Forum Persaudaraan Indonesia Timur, East Indonesia Fraternity Forum

FPJ - The Jabotabek Student Front, Front Pelajar Jabotabek

FPMI - Forum Pekerja Metal Indonesia, Indonesian Metal Workers Forum

FPMP - Front Pembela Merah-Putih, Front of Red-White Defenders (Aceh militia group)

FPMR - Forum for Students and People Movement

FPN - Front Persatuan Nasional, National Unity Front

FPP - Front Pembebasan Petani, Farmers Liberation Front

FPPI - Front Perjuangan Pemuda Indonesia, the Indonesian Youth Front for Struggle

FPPL - Front Penyelamat Petani Lamongan, Lamongan Farmers Saviour Front

FPPRPB - Front Persatuan Perjuangan Rakyat Papua Barat, West Papua Peoples United Front for Struggle

FPR - Front Perjuangan Rakyat, People's Struggle Front

FPR - Reformed Entrepreneurs Forum

FPSG - Front Perjuangan Separatis GAM, Front for the Struggle Against GAM (Aceh militia group)

FRI - Forum Rektor Indonesia, Forum of Indonesian Rectors

FRJT - Front Rakyat Jawa Timur, East Java People's Front

Frontier - Front Perjuangan Rakyat untuk Demokrasi, People's Struggle Front for Democracy

Frostu - Front Sumatera Utara, North Sumatra Front (student group)

Frostu - Front Sumatera Utara, North Sumatra Front (student organisation)

FRPAM - Front Rakyat Papua Anti Militerisme, Papuan Anti-Militarism People's Front

FRPK - Forum Rakyat Peduli Kesehatan, People's Health Concern Forum

FSBSI - Federasi Serikat Buruh Sejahtera Indonesia, Indonesian Prosperity Trade Union Federation

FSK - Forum Silaturahmi Karyawan, Employees Brotherhood Forum

FSPHI - Forum Solidaritas Pembela HAM Indonesia, Solidarity Forum for Indonesian Human Rights Defenders

FSPI - Federasi Serikat Petani Indonesia, Indonesian Farmers Federation

FSPMI - Forum Serikat Pekerja Metal Indonesia, Indonesian Metal Trade Workers Forum

FSPSI - All-Indonesia Workers Union Federation

FSPUI - Muslim Solidarity Forum

G30S - abortive coup by the Indonesian Communist Party on Sept. 30, 1965

GAAPRI - Indonesian Association of Cigarette Companies

Gabsi - Indonesian Contract Bridge Association

Gaikindo - Association of Indonesian Automotive Industries

Gakin - keluarga miskin, poor families

Galib - Gerakan Aktivis Lingkungan Bandung, Bandung Environmental Activists Movement

GAM - Free Aceh Movement

GAMMA - Federation of Indonesian Metalworking and Machine Industry Associations

Gapensi - Indonesian Builders Association

Gapkindo - Indonesian Rubber Producers Association

GAPMMI - Indonesian Food and Beverages Association

Gappindo - Association of Indonesian Fishing Companies

GAPPRI - Association of Indonesian Cigarette Producers

GAS - Gerakan Anak Sosialis, Children's Socialist Movement

GASPERMINDO - Gabungan Serikat Pekerja Merdeka Indonesia, Indonesian Labor Union Confederation

GBHN - State Policy Guidelines

GBSI - Federation of Independent Trade Unions

GDN - national discipline movement Gegana bomb squad

Gebrak - Gerakan Bersama Rakyat, Untied People's Movement

Gema - Gerakan Mahasiswa, Student Movement

Gempita - diri Gerakan Masyarakat Untuk Pendidikan Politik Hukum dan HAM Indonesia, Indonesian Social Movement for Political Legal and Human Rights Education

Gempur II - Student and Youth Movement for Second Stage of Reformation

Gemuruh - Gerakan Mahasiswa Pengusaha Buruh, Student Employer Worker Movement

Genta - Gerakan Cinta Damai, Love of Peace Movement

Gerak - Gerakan Aceh Anti Korupsi, Aceh Anti-corruption Movement

Geram BUMN - Gerakan Mahasiswa Anti Manipulasi BUMN, Student Movement Against Manipulation of State-Owned Enterprises

Gerkatin - Organization For Care of the Deaf

Gestapu - Gerakan 30 September, September 30 Movement, 1965

Ginsi - Indonesian Importers Association

GK - Garda Kemerdekaan, Freedom Guard

GKBI - Federation of Indonesian Batik Cooperatives

GKJ - Gedung Kesenian Jakarta (Jakarta Playhouse)

GKST - Synod Council of the Central Sulawesi Christian Church

GMF - Garuda Maintenance Facility

GMKI - Gerakan Mahasiswa Kristen Indonesia, Indonesian Christian Students Movement

GMNI - Gerakan Mahasiswa Nasional Indonesia, Indonesian Nationalist Students Movement

GMNK - National Independent Student Movement

GMNU - Gerakan Mahasiswa Nahdlatul Ulama, Nahdlatul Ulama Student Movement

GNBB - Gerakan Nusantara Bangkit Bersatu, Indonesian United Awakening Movement

GNOTA - National Foster Parents Movement

Go Parang - Hold the Cleaver (Aceh militia group)

GOI - Government of Indonesia

Golkar - Golongan Karya (translates as functional group), the government-backed ruling political organization

Golput - the acronym for Golongan Putih, literally meaning "white group", coined to describe people who refuse to vote during the general elections.

GOWA - Government Watch

GPAK - Gerakan Perempuan Anti Kemiskinan, Women's Anti-Poverty Movement

GPBSI - All Indonesian Theater Organization

GPK - Popular Youth Movement, Gerakan Pemuda Kerakyatan

GPK - the government term meaning peace-disturbing movement or security disturbance groups

GPMP - Gerakan Pemuda Merah-Putih, Red-and-White Youth Movement (Aceh militia group)

GPSG - Gerakan Perjuangan Separatis GAM, Anti-Separatist Movement

GPUB - Generasi Peduli Udara Bersih, Clean Air Concern Generation

GRM - Marhaen's People Movement, an organization grouping disciples of the late president Sukarno

GRN - Gerakan Regenerasi Nasional, National Regeneration Movement

GSBI 1 - Gabungan Serikat Buruh Indonesia, Association of Indonesian Trade Unions

GSBI 2 - Gabungan Serikat Buruh Independen, Association of Independent Trade Unions

GSBI 3 - Gerakan Serikat Buruh Independet, Independent Trade Union Movement

GSPI - Gerakan Solidaritas Pengemudi Indonesia, Indonesian Youth Solidarity Movement

GUS - Coordinating Agency for the Development of the Informal Sector

GUSK - small-scale business task force

GUTR - Gerakan Untuk Transparasi Regional, Movement for Regional Transparency

Hamas - Himpunan Aktivis Mahasiswa, Student Activist Association

Hankamnas - National Defense and Security Board

HANTAM - Himpunan Aktivis Anti-Militer, Association of Anti-Military Activists

Hati - Hapus Hukuman Mati, Ban Capital Punishment

HGB - Hak Guna Bangunan, Building Permit/Licence

HGU - Hak Guna Usaha, Business Permit/Licence

Himasita - Association of Students for Plant Protection

Himni - Indonesian Nuclear Society

Himpala - Association of Nature Lovers

Hiperkes - the occupational health and safety program

Hipmi - Association of Young Indonesian Businessmen

HIPPI - Indonesian Indigenous Businessmen's Association

Hiswana Migas - Oil and Gas Business Association

Hizbut Tahrir - Party of Liberation

HKBP - Congregation of Toba Batak Protestant Churches

HKI - Indonesian Christian Church

HKMB - The Association of Buddhist Students, Himpunan Kerukunan Mahasiswa Budhis

HKTI - Indonesian Farmers Association

HMI - Association of Islamic Students

HMI-MPO - Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam Majelis Penyelamat Organisasi, Muslim Students Association for Reform (splinter group of HMI)

HMR - Himpunan Mahasiswa Revolusioner, Association of Revolutionary Students

HMWI - Indonesian Women Managers Association

HPH - Hak Pengusahaan Hutan, Forest concession (holder)

HPI - Himpunan Penerjemah Indonesia, Indonesian Translators Association

HPPIA - Association of Indonesian Researches and Students in Australia

HRWG - Human Rights Working Group

HSBI - Association of Islamic Art and Culture

HTI - Hizbut Tahir Indonesia

HTI - industrial timber estate

IAI - Indonesian Architects Association

IAI - Ikatan Advokat Indonesia, Indonesian Advocates Association

IAI - Ikatan Akuntan Indonesia, Indonesia Accountant Association

IAIN - State Institute of Islamic Studies

IATMI - Association of Petroleum Engineering Experts

IBF - International Badminton Federation

IBI - Indonesian Midwives Association

IBRA - Indonesian Bank Restructuring Agency

IBT - eastern part of Indonesia

ICEL - Indonesian Center for Environmental Law

ICIP - Indonesian Cleaner Industrial Production Program

ICIP - International Centre for Islam and Pluralism

ICMI - Association of Indonesian Muslim Intellectuals

ICW - Indonesia Corruption Watch

ICWA - Indonesian Council on World Affairs

IDI - Indonesian Doctors Association

IDT - presidential instruction on least developed villages program

IFES - International Foundation for Election Systems

IGA - Indonesian Gas Association

IGC - International Crisis Group

IGGI - Inter-Governmental Group on Indonesia (now CGI)

IIEE - Foundation Foundation of Indonesian Institute for Energy Economics

IIP - Institute of Public Administration

IISIP - Political and Social Sciences Institute

IJEG - Indonesian Japanese European Group

IJS - Jakarta Social Institute

Ikadin - Indonesian Bar Association

Ikagi - Association of Garuda Flight Attendants

Ikahi - Ikatan Hakim Indonesia, Indonesian Judges Association

Ikapi - Indonesian Publishers Association

IKARA - Ikatan Rakyat Aceh, Aceh People's Association

Ikasi - Indonesian Fencing Association

IKIP - Teachers Training Institute

IKJ - Jakarta Arts Institute

Ikohi - Ikatan Keluarga Orang Hilang Indonesia, Indonesian Association of the Families of Missing Persons

IKPM - Indonesian Fashion Designers Association

IKPN - Civil Servants Cooperatives Organization

ILIC - Indonesian Lead Information Center (environment group)

IMAMI - Indonesian Mosques Association

IMB - Izin Mendirikan Bangunan, building permit

IMD - Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy

IMET - International Military Education and Training, Latihan dan Pendidikan Militer Internasional

IMI - Indonesia Motorsports Association

IMM - Ikatan Mahasiswa Muhammadiyah, Muhammadiyah Students Association

Imparsial - Indonesian Human Rights Watch

IMS-GT - Indonesia-Malaysia-Singapore Growth Triangle

IMT-GT - Indonesian-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle

INACA - Indonesian Nati

INCIS - Indonesian Institute for Civil Society

Indef - Institute for the Development of Economics and Finance

INDRA - Indonesian Debt Restructuring Agency

INFA - Indonesian Forwarders Association

INFID - International NGO Forum on Indonesian Development

Infight - Indonesian Front for the Defence of Human Rights

Inkopal/ Primkopal - Navy's main/primary cooperatives

Inkopar - Federation of Employees Cooperative

Inkopkar - Workers' Central Cooperative

INPI - Indonesian NGOs Partners Initiatives

INPI-PACT - Indonesian NGOs Partners Initiatives Private Agencies Collaborating Together

INPRES - presidential instruction program

INSA - Indonesian National Shipowners Association

Insus - an agricultural intensification program

INTI - Chinese Indonesian Association

IPA - Indonesian Petroleum Association

IPB - Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor Institute of Agriculture

IPCOS - Institute for Policy and Community Studies

IPHI - Association of Indonesian Lawyers

IPKI - Independence Vanguard Party

IPKIN - Indonesian Association of Computer and Information Professionals

IPKTM - Small-holding Timber Permit

IPMI - Indonesian Fashion Designers Association

IPMI - Indonesian Management Institute

ipoleksosbud - ideology, politics, economic, social and cultures

IPS - Inter Press Service

IPSI - Indonesian Pencak Silat Association

IPTN - Bandung-based PT Industri Pesawat Terbang Nusantara,

IPU - Inter-Parliamentary Union

IPW - Indonesia Procurement Watch

IPW - Indonesian Police Watch

ISAI - Institute for the Studies on Free Flow of Information

ISAW - Indonesian Society for Animal Welfare

ISEI - Indonesian Economists Association

ISHI - Institute of Study on Human Interests

ISI - Indonesian Fine Arts Institute

ISPI - Ikatan Sarjana Pendidikan Indonesia, Association of Indonesian Teacher Graduates

ISSI - Indonesian Cycling Association

Istana Negara - State Palace

ISWI - Association of Indonesian Women Graduates

ITB - Bandung Institute of Technology

ITDP - New York-based Institute for Transportation and Development Policy

ITI - Indonesian Technical Institute

ITP - Institut Titian Perdamaian, Footbridge Peace Institute

ITPB - Indonesia Tourism Promotion Board different from BPPI ??

ITTO - International Tropical Timber Organization

IWAPI - Ikantan Wanita Peruasaha Indonesia, Indonesian Women's Business Association

Jabotabek - Jakarta-Bogor-Tangerang-Bekasi (Greater Jakarta)

JAI - Jamaah Ahmadiyah Congregation

Jaker - Jaringan Kebudayaan Rakyat, People's Cultural Network

Jakprom - Jakarta Tourism Promotion Board

Jaksa Agung - Attorney General

JAMPPI - Jaringan Masyarakat Pemantau Pemilu Indonesia, People's Network for Elections Monitoring

Jarkot - Jaringan Kota, City Network

Jatam - Mining Advocacy Network

JATAM - Mining Advocacy Network

JATS - Jakarta Automated Trading System

JDA - Jaringan Demokrasi Aceh, Acehnese Democracy Network

JI - Jemaah Islamiah

Jibor - Jakarta interbank offered rate

JICA - Japanese International Cooperation Agency

JICT - Jakarta International Container Terminal

JIL - Liberal Islam Network

JIL - Liberal Islamic Network

JIMM - Muhammadiyah Young Intellectuals Network

JITC - Jakarta International Trade Fair Corporation

JMD - Jaringan Mahasiswa Demokratik, Democratic Student Network

JP - Journal Perempuan, Women's Journal (Jakarta-based women's magazine)

JPK - Jaringan Pergerakan Kota, Urban Movement Network

JPK-Gakin - poor families health insurance

JPPR - Jaringan Pendidikan Pemilih untuk Rakyat, People's Network for Voter Education

JPS - Social Security Net

JPU - Jaksa Penuntut Umum, Public Prosecutor

JRMK - Jaringan Rakyat Miskin Kota, Urban Poor Network

JSKK - Jaringan Solidaritas Keluarga Korban, Victims' Families Solidarity Network

JSMP - Judicial System Monitoring Program

JSX - Jakarta Stock Exchange

Kabareskrim - Kepala Badan Reserse Kriminal, Chief of the Criminal Investigation Agency

KABI - Association for Action of Indonesian Workers

Kabulog - Kepala Badan Urusan Logistik, head/director of the State Logistics Agency

Kadin - Kamar Dagang dan Industri, Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry

KAGAMA - Alumni Association of Gadjah Mada University

Kalyana Mitra - Non-government organisation crisis centre

Kamaba - Keluarga Masyarakat Aceh Bandung, Bandung Community of Acehnese Families

KAMI - Indonesian Students Action Front

KAMMI - Kesatuan Aksi Mahasiswa Muslim Indonesia, Indonesian Muslim Students Action Front

Kamra - People's Security (militia)

KAMURRI - Students Action Front for Reformation

Kanwil - Kantor Wilayah, Regional Offices (district offices of the central government located in the provinces)

Kapci - Committee of Indonesian Advocates for the Disabled

Kapet - Biak Integrated Economic Development Zone

Kapolres - Kepala Polisi Resort, District Police Chief

Kapolsek - Kepala Polisi Sektor, Sectoral Police Chief

Kapuspen - Kepala Pusat Penerangan, Director of Information Centre

KARAT - Komite Aksi Untuk Korban Kekerasan, Peoples Action Committee for Victims of Violence

KARMA - Action Coalition of Acehnese Students

KASBI - Komite Aksi Serikat Buruh Indonesia, Indonesian Trade Union Action Committee

Kaster - Kepala Staf Teritorial, Chief of Territorial Affairs

KASUM - Komite Aksi Solidaritas Untuk Munir, Solidarity Action Committee for Munir

KAU - Coalition Against Debt

KBA - Komite Bersatu Aceh, Aceh Joint Committee

KBAB - Komisi Bersama untuk Aceh Baru, Joint Commission for a New Aceh

KBBI - Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Broad Indonesian Dictionary

KBKA - Joint Committee for Aceh

KBRI - Kedutaan Besar Republik Indonesia, Indonesian Embassy

KBS - Koalisi Buruh Surakarta, Surakarta Labour Coalition

KCBI - Indonesian Buddhists Association

KDEI - Indonesian Securities Central Depository

KDF - district development fund

KDRT - Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga, Domestic Violence

Kehakiman - Justice Department

Kejaksaan Agung - Attorney General's Department

Kejaksaan Tinggi - High Court

Kejati - Kejaksaan Tinggi, Chief Public Prosecutor

Kenduri Cinta - A cultural group

Kesra - Kesejahteraan Rakyat, People's Welfare

KFT - Indonesian Television Workers Association

KHL - Kebutuhan Hidup Layak, Reasonable Living Needs

KHM - Kebutuhan Hidup Minimum, Basic Cost of Living

KHN - Komisi Hukum Nasional, National Law Commission

Kimpraswil - Dinas Permukiman dan Prasarana Wilayah, Regional Housing and Infrastructure Agency

KIP - Kampong Improvement Program

KIPP - Independent Election Monitoring Committee

KISDI - Indonesian Committee for World Muslems Solidarity

KISS - Coordination, Integration, Synchronization and Simplification (system)

KITAS - Temporary Stay Permit

KKB - Kartu Kompensasi BBM, fuel compensation card

KKP - Komisi Kebenaran dan Persahabatan, Truth and Friendship Commission

KKP - Kredit Ketahanan Pangan, Food Security Credits

KKPPI - Committee on Policies on Acceleration of the Construction of Infrastructure

KKR - Komisi Kebenaran dan Rekonsilasi, Truth and Reconciliation Commission

KLB - Kejadian Luar Biasa

KLJ - Jakarta Environment Caucus

KM - Keluarga Mahasiswa, Community of Students

KMAP - Koalisi Masyarakat Antimafia Peradilan, Anti-Court Mafia Social Coalition

KMBT - Komisi Mahasiswa Bawah Tanah, Underground Student Commission

KMHDI - Association of Indonesian Hindu Students

KMP - Komite Mahasiswa Papua, Papua Students Committee

KMPAN - Nusantara Youths-Students Committee

KNIP - Indonesian National Central Committee

KNPI - Indonesian National Youth Committee

Kobar - Workers Committee for Reform Action

Kodam - Komando Daerah Militer, Regional Military Command

Kodiklat - Military Education and Training Command in Bandung

Kodim - Komando Distrik Militer, District Military Command

Kombat - Komando Bela Tanah Air, Commandos for the Defense of the Fatherland

Kombes - Komisaris Jenderal, commissioner/superintendent

Komjen - Komisaris Jenderal, Commissioner General (police)

Komjen Pol - Komisaris Jenderal Polisi, Police General Commissioner

Komnas HAM - National Human Rights Commission

Komnas Perempuan - Komisi Nasional Perempuan, National Commission on Violence Against Women

Komparta - Community of Tap Water Customers

KONI - National Sports Council

Konphalindo - National Consortium for Nature and Forest Conservation in Indonesia

Kontras - Commission for Missing Persons and Victims of Violence

Koopskam - Komando Operasi Keamanan, Security Operation Command

Kopassus - Army Special Forces (red berets)

Kopkamtib - Operational Command for the Restoration of Security and Order a now defunct internal security agency

Kopti - Indonesian Soybean Curd and Soybean Cake Cooperative

Koramell - Komite Bersama Rakyat Jogja Menolak Lenga Lara, Yogya Joint People's Committee Against Suffering

Koramil - Komando Rayon Militer, Sub-District Military Command (Kecamatan) level

Korapabatu/KRPB - Koalisi Rakyat Papua Bersatu, Papuan People's United Coalition

Korem - Komando Resort Militer, Military Command at a level below the residency

Korpri - Indonesian Civil Servants Corps

Kosgoro - Multipurpose Cooperative of Mutual Assistance

Kostrad - Army Strategic Reserves Command (green berets)

Koter - Komando Teritorial, Territorial Command (military)

Kowani - Indonesian Women's Congress

KPA - Komando Peralihan Aceh, Aceh Transitional Command

KPA - Konsorsium Pembaruan Agraria, Agrarian Reform Consortium

KPB - State Joint Marketing Office

KPEN - National Economic Recovery Commission

KPHARSP - Coalition for the Struggle of the Fundamental Rights of the Papuan Civilian People

KPK - Koalisi Perlindungan Konsumen, Consumer Protection Coalition

KPK - Komisi Pembrantasan Korupsi, Corruption Eradication Commission

KPK - The Popular Youth Movement, Gerakan Pemuda Kerakyatan

KPLP - Indonesian Coast and Sea Guard Unit

KPM - The United Social Movement, Kesatuan Perjuangan Masyarakat

KPMA - Koalisi Pemuda dan Mahasiswa Antikorupsi, Youth and Students Anti-Corruption Coalition

KPP HAM - Komisi Penyelidikan Pelanggaran HAM, Commission for the Investigation of Human Rights Violations

KPPD - Pro-Democracy Women's Commission

KPPI - Kaukus Perempuan Parlemen Indonesia, Indonesian Women's Parliamentary Caucus

KPPRI - Indonesian Successors Struggle Association

KPPU - Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha, Business Competition Supervisory Commission

KPR - housing loan/home loan

KPRP - Koalisi Perempuan dan Rakyat untuk Perubahan, Women's and People's Coalition for Reform

KPU - Komisi Pemilihan Umum, General Election Commission

KPU - Komisi Pemilu Umum

KPUD - Komisi Pemilihan Umum Daerah, provincial offices of the General Elections Commission

KPUD - Komisi Pemilu Umum Daerah, Local Office of the General Elections Commission

KRHN - Konsortium Reformasi Hukum Nasional, National Consortium for Legal Reform

KRI - Kapal Republik Indonesia, Republic of Indonesia Ship (similar to designations USS, HMS)

KRKP - Koalisi Rakyat untuk Kedaulatan Pangan, People's Coalition for Food Sovereignty

KSAD - Kepala Staf Angkatan Darat, Army Chief

KSAL - Kepala Staf Angkatan Laut, Navy Chief

KSAU - Kepala Staf Angkatan Udara, Airforce Chief

KSBSI - Konfederasi Serikat Buruh Sejahtera Indonesia, Confederation of Prosperity Labor Unions

KSPSI - Konfederasi Serikat Pekerja Seluruh Indonesia, Confederation of the All-Indonesian Workers Union

KTI - Indonesian Boxing Committee

KTM - Konferensi Tingkat Menteri, Ministerial Level Conference (WTO meetings)

KUD - village cooperatives

KUHAP - Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Acara Pidana, Criminal Procedural Code

KUHP - Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Pidana, Criminal Code

KUHPer - (or KUH Perdata) Civil Law Code

KUK - credit for small enterprises

Kukesra - People's Prosperity Business Credit (antipoverty drive)

KUT - credit for farmers

KUUI - Indonesian Muslim Congress

KWI - Bishop Council of Indonesia

KWK - Koperasi Wahana Kalpika, a bus cooperative established in 1996

LADI - Lembaga Anti Diskriminiasi Indonesia, Indonesian Anti-Discrimination Foundation

LAKA - Aceh Custom and Culture Institute

Lamindo - Latin America-Indonesia trading firm

LAN - National Institute of Administration

Lapan - National Space and Aviation Agency

Lapas - Lembaga Pemasyarakatan, Correctional Institution (prison)

LASA - Animal Advocacy Group

LBH - Legal Aid Institute , also see YLBHI

LBH APIK - Association of Indonesian Women for Justice

LEI - Indonesian Ecolabeling Foundation

LeiP - Lembaga Kajian dan advokasi untuk Independensi Peradilan, Indonesian Institute for an Independent Judiciary

Lekra - People's Cultural Institute

Lemhanas/Lemhannas - National Resilience Institute

Lepmil - Coastal and Inland People's Empowerment Council

Lesperssi - Lembaga Studi Pertahanan dan Studi Strategis Indonesia, Indonesian Foundation for Defense and Strategic Studies

Letda - Letnan Muda, Second Lieutenant

LIPI - Indonesian Institute of Science

Lira - Lembaga Informasi Rakyat, People's Information Center

LKIN - Coordinating Institute of National Intelligence

LKMD - Community Welfare Organization, at village level

LMBR - Lingkar Mahasiswa Bandung Raya, Greater Bandung Student Circle

LMMY - Liga Mahasiswa Muslim Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta Muslim Student League

LMND - The Indonesian Student League for Democracy, Liga Mahasiswa Nasional untuk Demokrasi

LMP - Laskar Merah Putih, Red White Militia (anti-GAM Aceh militia group)

LMPTP - Liga Masyarakat Pegunungan Tengah Papua, the Papua Central Highlands Social League

LP2K - Institute for Consumers' Protection and Fostering

LP3ES - Institute of Research, Education and Information of Social and Economic Affairs

LP3M - Institute of Rural, Coast and Societal Studies

LPMP - Lembaga Peningkatan Mutu Pendidikan, Education Excellence Institute

LPMSP - Lembaga Penguatan Masyarakat Sipil Papua, Institute for the Strengthening of Papuan Civil Society

LPND - Lembaga Pemerintah non Departemen, Non-Departmental Government Agencies

LPR - Laskar Pemuda Rakyat, Youth Fighters for the People

LPRM - Laskar Pemuda Rakyat Miskin, Youth Fighters for the Poor

LPSHAM - Lembaga Pengembangan Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia, Institute for Legal Development and Human Rights

LPSI - Institute for Strategic Studies of Indonesia,

LPU - General Elections Institute

LSADI/LS-ADI - Lingkar Studi Aksi untuk Demokrasi Indonesia, Action Study Circle for Indonesian Democracy

LSAF - Institute of Religious and Philosophical Studies

LSF - Film Censorship Institute, formerly called the Film Censorship Board (BSF)

LSI - Lembaga Survei Indonesia, Indonesian Survey Insitute

LSPP - Lembaga Studi Perkembangan Pers, Institute for Press and Development Studies

LUBER - langsung, umum, bebas, rahasia (direct, public, free and secret [elections])

LVRI - Indonesian Veterans Legion

MA - Supreme Justice

Mabes - Markas Besar, Headquarters

Mahkamah Agung - Supreme Court

Mahkamah Syariah - Syaria/Islamic Law Court, Supreme Court for religious affairs

Majelis Permusyawaratan Ulama - Ulama (Islamic religious leaders) Consultative Council

Makna - Masyarakat Anti Kekerasan Negara, People Against State Violence

Makoramil - Mabes Komando Rayon Militer, Sub-District Military Command (Kecamatan) level headquarters

MANI - Anti-Nuclear Society

Mapolresta - Mabes Kepolisian Resort Kota, Municipal Police headquarters

Mapolsek - Mabes Polisi Sektor, Sectoral Police Headquarters

MAPPI - Indonesian Antipiracy and Pornography Community

MAPPI - Masyarakat Pemantau Peradilan Indonesia, Indonesian Judicial Watch Society

MARA - Council for People's Mandate

Masjumi - defunct Islamic political party Majelis Syurro Muslimin Indonesia

Masyumi - Indonesian Muslim Congregation

MCK - mandi, cuci, kakus, public bathing, washing and toilet facilities

MDTFANS-World Bank - Multi Donor Trust Fund Aceh Nias World Bank

Mendag - Menteri Perdagangan, Trade Minister/Minister of Trade

Menhut - Menteri Kehutanan, Minister of Forestry

Menkeu - Menteri Keuangan, Finance Minister

Menko Kesra - Menteri Koordinator Bidang Kesejahteraan Rakyat, Coordinating Minister for People's Welfare

Menkopolkumkam - Minister/Ministry of Politics, Legal and Security Affairs

Menlu - Menteri Luar Negeri, Minister of Foreign Affairs

Mensesneg - Menteri Sekretaris Negara, State Secretary

Mentan - Menteri Pertahanan, Defense Minister

Menwa - Mahakarta Students Regiment (university military group, recruited and trained by military)

MHI - Masyarakat Hukum Indonesia, Indonesian Public Law Office

Milad - Peringatan Ulang Tahun Gerakan Aceh Merdeka, Free Aceh Movement anniversary commemorations

MIPPA - Indonesian Society for Alternative Press (Australia-based)

MK - Mahkamah Konstitusi, Constitutional Court

MKGR - Musyawarah Kekeluargaan Gotong Royong, a mass organization affiliated to Golkar which broke away in May 1998

MKGR - Mutual Assistance Consultative Organization

MMI - Indonesian Mujahidin Council

Mobnas - national car

Monas - the National Monument in Medan Merdeka Square, Centra Jakarta

MoU - Nota Kesepahaman, Memorandum of Understanding

MPI - Indonesian Forestry Society

MPPI - Press and Broadcast Society of Indonesia

MPR - Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat, People's Consultative Assembly

MPRS - Provisional People's Consultative Assembly

MPU - Majelis Permusyawaratan Ulama, Consultative Assembly of religious leaders in Aceh

MRP - Majelis Rakyat Papua, Papua People's Council

MRPP - Mergin Rata-Rata Per Pengguna, Average Margin Per User

MR-PTN - State Universities Rectors' Council

MRPTNI - Majelis Rektor Perguruan Tinggi Negeri Indonesia, Rectors Council for Indonesian State Colleges

MTI - Indonesia Transportation Society

MUI - Majalis Ulama Indonesia, Indonesian Ulemas Council

Mukad - Masyarakat untuk Kedamaian, People for Peace

Munas - Musyawarah Nasional, National Deliberative Council

Muspida - Musyawarah Pimpinan Daerah, Regional Consultative Councils

Muswil - Musyawarah Wilayah, Regional Meeting

NAD - Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Aceh

NAFED - National Agency for Export Development

Narkoba - narkotika dan obat-obatan terlarang, narcotics and prohibited drugs (drugs)

NCO - Nusantara Chamber Orchestra

NDCB - National Disaster Coordinating Board

NEM - grade point average from the final school exam

NERIC - Natural Resources Information Center

NI - Nurul Islam, Light of Islam

NKRI - Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia, the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia

NPWP - Nomor Pokok Wajib Pajak, Primary Taxpayers Registration Number

NTB - Nusa Tenggara Barat, West Nusa Tenggara

NTT - Nusa Tenggara Timur, East Nusa Tenggara

NU - Nahdlatul Ulama, a 30-million-strong Muslim organization.

OIC - Organization of Islamic Conference

OKI - Organisasi Konferensi Islam,

ONH - haj pilgrimage fund

OPM - Free Papua Movement

Organda - Organisasi Gabungan Angkutan Darat, Organization of Land Transportation Owners

Ormas - mass organizations

ORPAD - Organisasi Perempuan Demokratik Aceh, Women's Organisation for Aceh Democracy

Orpol - political organizations

Orsos - social organizations

OSP - Organisasi Sayap Partai (onderbouw), Organisations affiliated to political parties

OT - organisasi terlarang, prohibited organization

OTB - organisasi tanpa bentuk, formless organizations

Otsus - Otonomi Khusus, Special Autonomy

P2B - Penataan dan Pengawasan Bangunan

P2D - Perhimpunan Pendidikan Demokrasi, Democratic Education Association

P3DT - infrastructure development program in less-developed villages

P3KBI - Partai Pelopor Persatuan dan Kesatuan Bangsa Indonesia, Indonesian United and National Unity Pioneer Party

P3M - Indonesian Society for Pesantren and Community Development

P4 - Guidelines for the comprehension and practical application of Pancasila

P4D - Regional Committee for the Settlement of Labor Disputes (formerly attached to the Ministry of Manpower, scrapped in 2006)

P4P - National Committee for the Settlement of Labor Disputes (scrapped in 2006)

PABBSI - Indonesian Weightlifting, Powerlifting and Bodybuilding Association

Pacivis - Center for Global and Civil Society Studies

PAD - Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Locally Generated Revenue

Palyja - PAM Lyonnaise Jaya

PAM - Partai Amanat Muhammadiyah, Muhammadiyah Mandate Party

PAM - Perhimpunan Amanat Muhammadiyah, Muhammadiyah Mandate Association

PAN - National Mandate Party

Pangdam - Panglima Daerah Militar, Regional Military Commander

Pangdam Jaya - Panglima Jakarta, Jakarta Military Commander

Panja - Panitia Kerja, Working Committee

Pansus - Panatia Khusus, Special Committee

Pantura - Java's northern coast (pantai utara)

Panwas Pilkada - Panitia Pengawas Pilkada, Election Supervisory Committee at the regional level

Panwaslak or Panwaslakpus - Election Supervisory Committee

Panwaslu - Panitia Pengawas Pemilu, Election Supervisory Committee

PAP - Pemerintahan Adat Papua, Papuan Traditional Administration/Government

Parjal - Parliament of the Streets of West Papua

Parkindo - defunct Indonesian Christian Party

PASI - Indonesian Amateur Athletics Association

Paskas - Air Force's special force

Paspampres - Pasukan Pengamanan Presiden, Presidential Security Detail (old acronym was Paswalpres)

PB - Pengurus Besar, Executive Board

PBB - (Indonesian acronym for) United Nations

PBB - Crescent Star Party

PB-HAM - Posko Bantuan Hak Asasi Manusia, Human Rights and Legal Aid Post

PBHI - Perhimpunan Bantuan Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia Indonesia, Indonesian Legal Aid and Human Rights Association

PBI - Indonesia Workers Union

PBI - Indonesian Bowling Association

PBR - Reform Star Party

PBSI - Badminton Association of Indonesia

PBVSI - Indonesian Volleyball Association

PCPP - Association of Intellectuals for Pancasila Development

PD - Democratic Party

PDB - Produk Domestik Bruto, Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

PDBI - Indonesian Business Data Center

PDI - Partai Demokrasi Indonesia, Indonesian Democratic Party (now PDI-P)

PDII-LIPI - Center for Scientific Documentation and Information at the Indonesian Science Institute

PDI-P - Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan, Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle

PDP - Partai Demokratik Pembaruan, Democratic Renewal Party

PDR - Partai Daulat Rakyat,

PDRM - Persatuan Demokratik Rakyat Miskin, Poor People's Democratic Union

PDS - Prosperous Peace Party

PDSD - Regional Civil Emergency Administrator

PDSP - Central/National Civil Emergency Administrator

Pefindo PT - Pemeringkat Efek Indonesia, the state (bond) rating agency,

Pekka - Program Pemberdayaan Perempuan Kepala Keluarga, Women-Headed Household

Pelindo - PT Pelabuhan Indonesia, a state-owned company assigned to managed several seaports in West Java

Pelti - Indonesian Tennis Association

Pemda - Pemerintah Daerah, Regional Government

Pemkab - Pemerintah Kabupaten, Regional Government

Pemprov - Pemerintah Provinsi, Provincial Government

PEPABRI - Armed Forces Veterans Association

Pepera - Penentuan Pendapat Rakyat, The 1969 UN sponsored referendum on West Papua's integration with Indonesia

Pepera - Persatuan Perjuangan Rakyat, Peoples United Struggle

PEPERA - United West Papua Popular Struggle Front

Peradah - Perhimpunan Pemuda Hindu Indonesia, Indonesian Association of Hindu Youths

Peradin - Association of Indonesian Advocates

Perbakin - Indonesian Target Shooting and Hunting Association

Perbanas - Federation of Private Domestic Banks

Perbasasi - Indonesian Baseball and Softball Association

Perbasi - Indonesian Basketball Association

PERC - Political & Economic Risk Consultancy

Percasi - Indonesian Chess Association

Perda - Peraturan Daerah, government regulation/by-law

Perhapi - Association of Indonesian Mining Professionals

Perhepi - Association of Agriculture Experts

Perisai - Persatuan Rakyat Indonesia Anti Imperialisme, Indonesian People's Anti-Imperialist Union

Perkemi - Indonesian Kempo Association

Perpani - Indonesian Archery Association

Perpobin - Indonesian Power Boating Association

Perpres - Peraturan President, Presidential Regulation/Decree

Perpu - Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang-undang, Government Regulation in lieu of (and with the authority of) a law

Persagi - Indonesian Nutrition Association

Persani - Indonesian Gymnastics Association

Persero - Perseroan Terbatas, incorporated, limited (companies)

Persetasi - Indonesian Sepaktakraw Association

Persija - Jakarta Soccer Association

Persis - Persatuan Islam, United Islam

Persit - Association of Wives of Servicemen

Pertina - Indonesian Amateur Boxing Association

Pertisa - Persatuan Tiga Roda Aceh, Aceh Three Wheeled Association

Perum - state company

Perumka - state railway company Perusahaan Umum Kereta Api

Perumnas - Perrumahan Umum Nasional, State Housing Company

Peruri - state-owned securities paper and bank note printing company

Pesti - Indonesian Soft Tennis Association

PETA - Pembela Tanah Air, Defenders of the Fatherland

PFN - state-owned Movie Industry

PGI - Indonesian Communion of Churches (Protestant)

PGI - Indonesian Golf Association

PGN PT - Perusahaan Gas Negara

PGRI - Persatuan Guru Republik Indonesia, Indonesian Teachers Association

PGSI - Indonesian Wrestling Association

PHDI - Indonesian Hindu Religious Council

PHKI - Perjuangan Hak Konsumen Indonesia, Indonesia Consumer Rights Struggle

PHRI - Indonesian Hotel and Restaurant Association

PHSI - Indonesian Hockey Association

PIEL - Public Interest Environmental Lawyers

PIFA - Portugal-Indonesia Friendship Association

PII - Institute of Indonesian Engineers

PII - Pelajar Islam Indonesia, Indonesian Islamic Students

Pijar - Information Centre for Action and Reformation Network

PIKI - association of Protestant Intelligentsia

Pilkada - Pemilihan Kapala Daerah, Regional Government Elections

PIN - Pekan Imunisasi Nasional, National Immunization Week

PIN - Program Imunisasi Nasional, National Immunization Program

Pindad - Army Industrial Affairs Center (includes its weaponry industry)

Pintar - Pergerakan Islam untuk Tanah Air, Islamic Movement for the Fatherland/Motherland

PIPM - three stock market outlets established by JSX or capital market information centers

PIR - smallholders estate

PITI - Indonesian-Chinese Islamic Association

PJI - Persatuan Jurnalis Indonesia, Union of Indonesian Journalists

PJK - penyedia jasa keuangan, financial service providers

PJKA - old name of state railway company, now Perumka

PJKO - Penanggung Jawab Kebijakan Operasional, Operational Policy Coordinator

PJSI - Indonesian Judo Association

PK - Peninjauan Kembali, review (legal)

PKB - National Awakening Party

PKBI - Perhimpuan Keluarga Berencana Indonesia, Indonesian Family Planning Association

PKBL - Program Kemitraan dan Bina Lingkungan, Environmental Development Partnership programs

PKI - (defunct) Indonesia Communist Party

PKK - Pemberdayaan Kesejahteraan Keluarga, Family Welfare Movement, a community family welfare organization

PKP - Partai Keadilan dan Persatuan, Justice and Unity Party

PKPA - Pusat Kajian dan Pelindungan Anak, Center for Child Protection and Study

PKPI - Partai Keadilan dan Persatuan Indonesia, Indonesian Justice and Unity Party

PKPS - Penyelesaian Kewajiban Pemegang Saham, Resolution of Shareholder Obligations

PKPS - Program Kompensasi Pengurangan Subsidi BBM, Fuel Subsidy Reduction Compensation Program

PKS - Justice and Prosperity Party

PKWA - American Studies Center (at the University of Indonesia)

PKWT - Perjanjian Kerja Untuk Waktu Tertentu, Work Contract for a Specified Period

PLN - State Electricity Company

PLTGU - Pusat Tenaga Listrik Gas dan Uap, Combined Cycle Power Plant

PLTN - Nuclear Power Plant

PMB - Persatuan Masyrakyat Betawi, United Native Jakartans

PMI - Palang Merah Indonesia, Indonesian Red Cross

PMII - Indonesian Quality Management Control Association

PMII - Pergerakan Mahasiswa Islam Indonesia, Indonesian Islamic Students Movement

PMII - Perhimpunan Mahasiswa Islam Indonesia, Indonesian Islamic Students Association

PMKRI - Perhimpunan Mahasiswa Katolik Republik Indonesia, Association of Catholic Students

PMP - Partai Merah Putih, Red and White Party

PMPD - Pro-Democracy Students Party, established by a group of Hasanuddin University (Ujung Pandang) students in 1996

PMU - Project Management Unit (for Jakarta subway)

PN - state company

PNI - Indonesian National Unity established Oct. 1995 also Indonesian National Party

PNRI - state-owned Printing Company

PNS - Pegawai Negeri Sipil, (State) Civil Servant

PNUI - Nahdlatul Ummah Indonesian Party

PODSI - Indonesian Rowing Association

POGI - Indonesian Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Pokja - Working Group

Polda - Polisi Daerah, local police/regional police

Polres - Kepolisian Resor, District police

Polresta - Kepolisian Resort Kota, Municipal Police (at regency/city level)

POLRI - National Police

Polsekta - Polisi Sektor, Sectoral Police

Poltabes - Kepolisian Kota Besar, City/Municipal Police

Polwil - Kepolisian Wilayah, district police

Polwiltabes - Kepolisian Wilayah Kota Besar, Municipal District Police

POMG - parent-teacher association

PON - Pekan Olahraga Nasional, National Games/National Sports Week

Poperi - Association of Indonesian Lawyers Organizations

Pordasi - Indonesian Equestrian and Horse Racing Association

Porlasi - Indonesian Yachting Association

Porserosi - Indonesian Roller Skating Association

Posindo - PT Pos Indonesia, state-owned postal service company

Posko - Pos Kordinasi, Coordination Post

POSSI - Indonesian Diving Association

Posyandu - Pos Pelayanan Terpadu, Integrated Health Service Posts

PP - Pengurus Pusat, Central Leadership

PP - Peraturan Pemerintah, Government Regulation

PPA - Perusahaan Pengelola Aset, State Asset-Divestment Agency

PPATK - Financial Transaction Reports Analysis Center

PPB - Partai Persatuan Bangsa, National Unity Party

PPBI - Center for Indonesian Workers Struggle

PPD - state-run city or municipal bus company

PPD I - Provincial Elections Committee

PPD II - Regional Elections Committee

PPFI - Indonesian Film Company Organization

PPI - Indonesian Workers Party

PPIM - Center for Islamic and Community Studies

PPIP - Portugal-Indonesia Friendship Association

PPK/S - District/Subdistrict Polling Committees

PPMI - Serikat Pekerja Percetakan Media Informasi, Printing and Media Information Trade Union

PPMK - Sub-district Residents Empowerment Scheme

PPMKI - Vintage Car Lovers Association

PPN - value-added tax (VAT)

PPP - United Development Party

PPPM - the Association for the Development of Pesantren (traditional Islamic schools) and Society

PPS - Polling Committee

PPSK - Center for Strategy and Policy Studies

PPTI - Organization for Eradication of Tuberculosis

PPTN 1965 - Panitia Peringatan Tragedi Nasional 1965, Commemoration Committee for the 1965 National Tragedy

PPUN - Pekan Unggulan Peternakan Nasional, Supreme National Animal Husbandry Week

PPW - Center for Political and Regional Studies

PR - Pemuda Rakyat, People's Youth (youth wing of the PKI)

PRA - Partai Rakyat Aceh, Acehnese Peoples Party

PRD - Democratic People's Party

Prokasih - Clean River Program

Prolegnas - Program Legislasi Nasional, National Legislation Program

Propatria - Non-government organization or think tank comprising experts on defense issues

PRPP - Pendepatan Rata-Rata Per Pengguna, Average Revenue Per User

PRSI - Indonesian Swimming Association

PSASI - Indonesia Water Skiing Association

PSDH - Forest Resource Rent Provision

PSDH/DR - Provisi Sumber Daya Hutan/Dana Reboisasi, reforestation funds

PSHK - Pusat Studi Hukum dan Kebijakan, Centre for Legal and Policy Studies

PSI - Indonesian Socialist Party (defunct)

PSI - Indonesian Squash Association

PSPI - Center for the Study of Indonesian Property

PSRSI - Indonesian Squash Association

PSSI - All Indonesian Football Federation,

PT - Pemuda Tani, Farmers Youth

PT - Perusahaan Terbatas, Limited Company (PTY Limited)

PT Pindad - state-owned arms producer

PTI - Pemuda Tani Indonesia, Indonesian Farmers Youth

PTIK - Perguruan Tinggi Ilmu Kepolisian, Police Staff College

PTINSI - Perhimpunan Tani dan Nelayan Sejahtera Indonesia, Indonesian Farmer and Fisher Welfare Association

PTMSI - Indonesian Table Tennis Association

PTO - entertainment tax

PTP - Perusahaan Terbatas Perkebunan, Plantation Company

PTPN - state plantation company

PTS - Perguruan Tinggi Swasta, Private College

PTS - Systematic Land Registration

PTTUN - State Administrative High Court

PTUN - Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara, State Administrative Court

PUDI - Partai Uni Demokrasi Indonesia, Indonesian Democratic Union Party

PuSHAM - Pusat Studi HAM, Human Rights Study Centre

Puskemas - Pos Kesehatan Masyarakat, Community Healthcare Centre

Puskesmas - Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat, Community Health Centers

Puskopal - hospitals run by the navy, the army and the air force.

Puskopau - Indonesian Air Force Cooperative

Puspen - Pusat Penerangan, Information Centre

Pusri - PT Pupuk Sriwijaya, state-owned fertilizer company

PW - Pengurus Wilayah, Regional Board (of party or organisation)

PWI - Indonesian Journalists Association

Qanun - Peraturan daerah tentang Syariat Islam, local regulations on the implementation of Islamic law or how Islamic law is brought into effect

Raker - rapat kerja, working meeting

RAPBD - Rancangan Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Daerah, Draft Regional (Administrative) Budget

RAPBN - Rancangan Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara, Proposed State Budget

Raskin - cheap rice program

Ratih - civilian militia

RDPU - Rapat Dengar Pendapat Umum, Public Hearing

REDI - Regional Economic Development Institute

REI - Indonesian Real Estate Developers Association

Repdem - Relawan Perjuangan Demokrasi, Volunteers for Democratic Struggle, social organisation affiliated to the PDI-P

Repelita/Pelita Repelita - Five Year Development Plan

RIA - Republik Islam Aceh, Aceh Islamic Republic

RKL - Environmental Management Plan

RMS - South Maluku Republic (a separatist movement quashed in the 1950s)

RPD - Relawan Perjuangan Demokrasi, Volunteers for Democratic Struggle

RPJMN - National Medium-term Development Plan

RPL - Environmental Monitoring Plan

RpuK - Aceh Women Volunteers for Humanity

RRI - Radio Republik Indonesia, Radio Indonesia

RSCM - Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital

RSUD - city hospitals

RT - neighborhood unit

RTH - Ruang Tanah Hujan, Open Green Spaces

RTN - Rukun Tani Nelayan, Farmers and Fisherpeople Cooperative

RTRWK - Spatial plans for forest areas

RUPS - Rapat Umum Pemegang Saham, General Share Holders Meeting

RUU - Rancangan Undang-Undang, draft law

RUU APP - Rancangan Undang Undang Anti Pornografi dan Pornoaksi, Draft Anti-Pornography Bill (Pornography and Porno-Action)

RW - community unit

S1 - University degree-level graduate

SAKB - Log Transportation document

SAKO - Processed timber document

SAKO - Prossesed timber document

SAP - Solidaritas Aceh-Papua, Aceh-Papua Solidarity

SARA - tribal affiliations, religion, race and societal groups

Satgasus - special Jakarta traffic police squad

Satpol - Satuan Polisi (Pamong Praja), Civil Service Police

SBI - Bank Indonesia promissory note

SBIs/SBI - Bank Indonesia promissory notes

SBJ-P - The Jabotabek Trade Union for Struggle, Serikat Buruh Jabotabek Perjuangan

SBKRI - Surat Bukti Kewarganegaraan Republik Indonesia, Certificate of Indonesian Citizenship (for Chinese Indonesians only. The law which requires SBKRI was abolished in 1996)

SBMM - Food and Drink Trade Union, Serikat Buruh Makanan dan Minuman

SBR - Sanggar Belajar Rakyat, People's Learning Studio

SBSI - Indonesian Prosperous Labor Union

SBTPI - Serikat Buruh Transportasi Perjuangan Indonesia, Indonesian Transportation Trade Union for Struggle

SCBD - Sudirman Center for Business Development

SCHRA - Support Committee for Human Rights in Aceh

SD - Kindergarten

SD IMBAS - Satellite schools of a Gugus Sekolah (school affiliation)

SDA - sumber daya alam, natural resorces

SDI - Srikandi Demokrasi Indonesia, Indonesian Heroines of Democracy

SDSB - Sumbangan Dana Sosial Berhadiah, now defunct government-sponsored lottery

SEFA - Save Emergency for Aceh

SEFA - Save Emergency For Aceh

SEGERA - Solidarity Movement with the People of Aceh

Sekber - Forum Sekolah Bersama, Joint School Forum

Sembako - the nine basic commodities

Sepak - Serikat Pekerja Acehkita, Acehkita Workers' Union

Sepakad - Solidaritas Pedagang untuk Kedamaian, Trader's Solidarity for Peace

Seskab - Sekretaris Kabinet, Cabinet Secretary

Sesko - Military Staff and Command School

Seskoad - Army Staff and Command School (not College, not SESKOAD)

SGI - Satuan Tugas Inteligen, Joint Intelligence Task Force

SGJ - Serikat Guru Jakarta, Jakarta Teachers Union

SGP - Indonesian Press and Graphics Association

SHMJ - Suara Hak Asasi Manusia di Indonesia, Voice of Human Rights in Indonesia

SHS - state-owned Perum Sang Hyang Seri rice seed company

Sijori - triangle of growth involving Indonesia's Riau province, Singapore and Johor, Malaysia.

SIM - Surat Izin Mengemudi, Drivers Licence

Sipora - Foreigners Control Coordination

SIPPT - land-use permit

SIRA - Sentral Informasi Referendum Aceh, Aceh Referendum Information Center

Sishankamrata - Sistem Pertahanan Keamanan Rakyat Semesta, Integrated People's Security Defense System

Siskamling - neighborhood watch

SIUPP - Surat Ijin Usaha Penerbitan Pers (publishing license) issued by the Ministry of Information

SJB - Surat Jaminan Bank, bank guarantee

SK - Surat Keputusan, decree

SKB - Surat Keputusan Bersama, Joint Ministerial Decree

SKEPHI - Network for Forest Conservation in Indonesia

SKL - Surat Keterangan Lunas, Settlement Certificate

SKPK - Surat Keterangan Penyelesaian Kewajiban, Obligation Settlement Certificate

SKPP - Surat Ketetapan Penghentian Penuntutan, letter of order canceling an investigation

SKSHH - Forest Products Validation document

SKU - General Agency Permit for shipping

SLT - Subsidi Langsung Tunai, Direct Cash Subsidy (to compensate for fuel price increses)

SLTA - Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Atas

SLTP - Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Pertama, Junior High School

SMD - Serikat Mahasiswa Untuk Demokrasi, Student Union for Democracy

SMI - Indonesian Independent Union

SMID - Indonesian Students Solidarity for Democracy

SMP - senior high school

SMPI - Indonesian Press Solidarity Society

SMU - Sekolah Menengah Umum, State High School

SMUR - Solidaritas Mahasiswa Untuk Rakyat, Student's Solidarity for the People

SNB - Solidaritas Nusa Bangsa, Nusa Bangsa Solidarity (Island Nation Solidarity)

SNI - Indonesian National Standards (environmental standards)

SNP - Standar Nasional Pendidikan, National Education Standards

SNUP - Solidaritas Nasional Untuk Papua, National Solidarity for Papua

SOE - State Owned Enterprises (BUMN)

Soksi - Indonesian Organizational Center for Independent Employees

Somaka - Students Solidarity for Aceh Cases

Sorak Aceh - Anti-corruption movement in Aceh

SP3 - Perintah Penghentian Penyidikan, Order to Stop Investigation

SPBU - Stasiun Pengisian Bahan Bakar Umum, Petrol station

SPI - Serikat Petani Indonesia, Indonesia Farmers Union

SPM - Independence Workers Union

SPM - Serikat Pengamen Merdeka, Independent Buskers Union

SPMK - Surat Perintah Mulai Kerja, Work Commencement Orders

SPN - Serikat Pekerja Nasional, National Workers Union

SPP - Educational Management Contribution

SPR - Serikat Pemuda Rakyat, People's Youth Union

SPR - Serikat Pengacara Rakyat, People's Lawyers Union

SPRTMM - Serikat Pekerja Rokok Tembakau Makanan Minuman, Cigarette, Tobacco, Food and Drink Trade Union

SPS - Newspaper Publishers Union

SPSI - Serikat Pekerja Seluruh Indonesia, All Indonesia Workers Union

SPT - yearly tax assessment

SRI - Selamatkan Rakyat Indonesia, Save the Indonesian People

SRI - Survey Research Indonesia

SRMK - Serikat Rakyat Miskin Kota, Urban Poor People's Union

SSB - Surat Setoran Bangunan, Tax Transfer Certificates for property and buildings

SSE - Surabaya Stock Exchange

SSG - Sue Support Group

SSK - Satuan setingkat kompi, company level unit

SSP - Surat Setoran Pajak, Tax Transfer Certificates

STAIN - Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri, State College of Islamic Religious Studies

STN - The National Farmers Union, Serikat Tani Nasional

STNK - Surat Tanda Nomor Kendaraan, Motor Vehicle Licence/Registration

STO - automatic telephone system

STSI - Indonesian Arts High School

SUGMP - Surat Utang Global Milik Pemerintah, Government Owned Global Bonds

SUN - Surat Utang Negara, State Debt Securities/State bonds

Supersemar - March 11 1966 Presidential Executive Order

SUTET - Saluran Udara Tegangan Ekstra Tinggi, High-voltage transmission lines

Syarikat - Masyarakat Santri untuk Adv

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